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    一、第1部分:词汇选项

    二、第2部分:阅读判断

    三、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    四、第4部分:阅读理解

    五、第5部分:补全短文

    六、第6部分:完形填空

    一、第1部分:词汇选项

    1. That guy always wears 【classic】 clothes.
    2. The union 【called off】 the strike at the last minute yesterday.
    3. Boston used to be 【famous】 for its shipbuilding.
    4. He 【based】 his conclusion on the evidence given by the prisoner.
    5. I 【came across】 an old friend yesterday.
    6. She wanted me to know that she still 【cared for】 me.
    7. I have earned a lot of money, but that is not the 【issue】.
    8. The chairman 【proposed】 that this matter be considered at the next meeting.
    9. He burst into laughter, 【as though】 he had heard something funny.
    10. She is a very 【prominent】 scholar in this area.
    11. Fats and sugar are rich in energy but 【poor】 in minerals.
    12. Both sides have 【pledged】 that a nuclear war must never be fought.
    13. I shall be very 【pleased】 to answer any questions you may have.
    14. I believe that her account of what happened is very 【accurate】.
    15. There has been a lot of 【debate】 among us about the necessity to save money.

    二、第2部分:阅读判断

    16. Baseline Exam Is Key to Eye Health
    Even people with no signs or risk factors for eye disease can suffer vision loss and need to get baseline (基线) eye exams at age 40, says the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) (美国眼科学会)
    The reminder (提示) is part of the AAO’s EyeSmart campaign to mark Save Your Vision Month in February.
    “Many eye diseases progress without any warning signs,” Dr. Stephanie Marioneaux, a clinical correspondent for the AAO, said in a prepared statement. “Gradual changes in vision can affect your ability to function independently and have confidence in your abilities.”
    Based on the finding from the initial screening, an eye doctor will create a schedule for follow-up eye exams.
    People of any age who have symptoms of eye disease or are at high risk due to family history, diabetes (糖尿病) or high blood pressure should consult with their eye doctor to determine how often they should have their eyes checked, the AAO recommends.
    By 2020, 43 million Americans will be at significant risk for vision loss or blindness due to age-related eye diseases such as cataracts (白内障) and glaucoma (青光眼). That’s a more than 50 percent increase over the current number of Americans with such vision-threatening diseases.
    But many Americans are unconcerned about the risk of vision loss. Only 23 percent of Americans are very concerned about losing their vision, while most feet weight gain and joint or back pain are greater worries than vision loss, according to an AAO survey conducted for its EyeSmart campaign.
    1. People with no signs of eye disease don’t need any eye exams.
    2. Changes in vision cannot affect people’s lives.
    3. There’s a great shortage of eye doctors in the US.
    4. High blood pressure is one of the risk factors for eye disease.
    5. Older people are at higher risk for vision loss or blindness.
    6. Most Americans are worried about the risk of vison loss.
    7. Weigh gain and joint or back pain are big worries in Europe.

    三、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    17. Understanding Dyslexia
    1 Dyslexia (诵读困难) is a type of learning disability. A person with a learning disability has trouble processing words or numbers. There are several kinds of learning disabilities; dyslexia is the term used when people have difficulty learning to read, even though they are smart enough and want to learn. Dyslexia is not a disease. It's a condition that you are born with, and it often runs in families.
    2 Research has shown that dyslexia happens because of the way the brain processes information. Pictures of the brain, taken with modern imaging tools, have shown that when people with dyslexia read, they use different parts of the brain than people without dyslexia. These pictures also show that the brains of people with dyslexia don't work efficiently during reading. So that’s why reading seems like such slow, hard work.
    3 If you have dyslexia, you might have trouble reading even simple words you've seen many times. You probably will read slowly and feel that you have to work extra hard when reading. You might mix up the letters in a word, for example, reading the word "now" as "won" or "left" as "felt." Words may blend(混合) together and spaces are lost. You might have trouble remembering what you've read. You may remember more easily when the same information is read to you or heard on tape.
    4 Although dealing with dyslexia can be tough, help is available. Under federal law, someone diagnosed with a learning disability like dyslexia is entitled to extra help from the public school system. A child or teenager with dyslexia usually needs to work with a specially trained teacher, tutor, or reading specialist to learn how to read and spell better.
    1. Paragraph 1 ______
    2. Paragraph 2 ______
    3. Paragraph 3 ______
    4. Paragraph 4 ______
    5. Individuals with dyslexia find it hard to ______
    6. When people with dyslexia read, their brains ______
    7. It is not easy for people with dyslexia to remember ______
    8. Students with dyslexia in public schools can get extra help in learning ______

    四、第4部分:阅读理解

    18. 第一篇 Most UK Adults Have Low Risk of Heart Disease
    More than 80 percent of UK adults have a less than 10-percent risk of developing heart disease in the next 10 years, according to a report from WHO.
    "I hope that these numbers will give physicians, researchers, health policy analysts and others a better idea of how coronary heart disease is distributed in the UK population," lead author Dr. Earl Ford, from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in London, said in a statement.
    The findings are based on analysis of data from 13,769 subjects, between 22 to 70years of age, who participated in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1990 to 1995.
    Overall, 82 percent of adults have a risk of less than 10 percent, 15 percent had a risk that fell from 10 to 20 percent, and 3 percent had a risk above 20 percent.
    The proportion of subjects in the highest risk group increased with advancing age, and men were more likely than women to be in this group. By contrast, race or ethnicity had little effect in risk distributions.
    Although the report suggests that most adults have a low 10-year risk of heart disease, a large proportion of them have a high immediate risk, Dr. Daniel Burman, from the Medical Center in Liverpool, noted in a related journal.
    Aggressive treatment measures and public health strategies are needed to shift the overall population risk downward, he said.
    1. The percentage of most UK adults likely to develop heart disease in the next 10 years is
    2. The subjects who participated in the survey were all
    3. Those more likely to develop heart disease are
    4. The chance of UK adults to face an immediate threat of heart disease is
    5. The word "aggressive" in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to
    19. 第二篇 Dangers Await Babies with Altitude
    Women who live in the world’s highest communities tend to give birth to under-weight babies, a new study suggests. These babies may grow into adults with a high risk of heart disease and strokes.
    Research has hinted that newborns in mountain communities are lighter than average. But it wasn’t clear whether this is due to reduced oxygen levels at high altitude or because their mothers are under-nourished — many people who live at high altitudes are relatively poor compared with those living lower down.
    To find out more, Dino Giussani and his team at Cambridge University studied the records of 400 births in Bolivia during 1997 and 1998. The babies were born in both rich and poor areas of two cities: La Paz and Santa Cruz. La Paz is the highest city in the world, at 3.65 kilometers above sea level, while Santa Cruz is much lower, at 0.44 kilometers.
    Sure enough, Giussani found that the average birth weight of babies in La Paz was significantly lower than in Santa Cruz. This was true in both high and low-income families. Even babies born to poor families in Santa Cruz were heavier on average than babies born to wealthy families in lofty La Paz. “We were very surprised by this result,” says Giussani.
    The results suggest that babies born at high altitude are deprived of oxygen before birth. “This may trigger the release or suppression of hormones that regulate growth of the unborn child. ‘‘says Giussani.
    His team also found that high-altitude babies tended to have relatively larger heads compared with their bodies. This is probably because a fetus starved of oxygen will send oxygenated blood to the brain in preference to the rest of the body.
    Giussani wants to find out if such babies have a higher risk of disease in later life. People born in La Paz might be prone to heart trouble in adulthood, for example. Low birth weight is a risk factor for coronary heart disease. And newborns with a high ratio of head size to body weight are often predisposed to high blood pressure and strokes in later life.
    1. What does the new study discover?
    2. Giussan and his team are sure that ________
    3. It can be inferred from what Giussan says in Paragraph 4 that ________
    4. The results of the study indicate the reason for the birth of underweight babies is ________
    5. It can be learnt from the last paragraph that ________
    20. 第三篇 Better Control of TB Seen If a Faster Cure Is Found
    The World Health Organization estimates that about one third of all people are infected with bacteria that cause tuberculosis(结核). Most times, the infection remains inactive. But each year about eight million people develop cases of TB, usually in their lungs, Two million people die of it. The disease has increased with the spread of AIDS and drug-resistant forms of tuberculosis.
    Current treatments take at least six months. Patients have to take a combination of several antibiotic drugs daily. But many people stop as soon as they feel better. Doing that can lead to an infection that resists treatment. Public health experts agree that a faster-acting cure for tuberculosis would be more effective. Now a study estimates just how effective it might be. A professor of international health at Harvard University led the study. Joshua Salomon says a shorter treatment program would likely mean not just more patients cured. It would also mean fewer infectious patients who can pass on their infection to others.
    The researchers developed a mathematical model to examine the effects of a two-month treatment plan. They tested the model with current TB conditions in Southeast Asia. The scientists found that a two-month treatment could prevent about 20% of new cases. And it might prevent about 25% of TB deaths. The model shows that these reductions would take place between 2012 and 2030. That is, if a faster cure is developed and in wide use by 2012.
    The World Health Organization developed the DOTS program in 1990. DOTS is Directly Observed Treatment Short-course. Health workers watch tuberculosis patients take their daily pills to make sure they continue treatment.
    Earlier this year, an international partnership of organizations announced a plan to expand the DOTS program. The ten-year plan also aims to finance research into new TB drugs. The four most common drugs used now are more than 40 years old. The Global Alliance for TB Drug Development says its long-term goal is a treatment that could work in as few as ten doses.
    1. The bacteria that cause TB
    2. TB patients who stop taking antibiotic drugs may develop
    3. According to Joshua Salomon, a shorter treatment program would mean
    4. Scientists found that a two-month treatment would lead to
    5. An expansion of the DOTS program aims to

    五、第5部分:补全短文

    21. Change for a Better Future
    Many readers have written to us about their reactions to the ban on plastic (塑料) bags, which began on the first day of this month. Nearly all said, despite the convenience of super-thin plastic bags, they are still willing to kick the habit because they realize the harm the bags cause to our environment.
    _____ (46) And this year’s slogan for World Environment Day is “Kick the Habit! Towards a Low Carbon Economy!” While this theme focuses on climate change and reducing greenhouse gases emission (散发), the same spirit applies to China’s effort to eliminate the use of highly-polluting plastic bags. _____ (47) However, the ban on plastic bags is felt strongly among them precisely because of their lifestyle: Plastic bags come in handy (有用的) when the students pick up tea-leaf eggs or pancakes (煎饼) for breakfast while dashing to morning classes. _____ (48)
    In addition, the readers suggested that the other habits, the ones many of us barely notice, may also contribute to the deterioration (恶化) of the environment: excessive use of tap water when rinsing (冲洗) washed clothes, leaving the lights on when nobody’s in the dorm, throwing used batteries out with the ordinary trash (垃圾)._____ (49) They called on others to follow suit. This position by college students is inspiring.____ (50)
    1. 选择合适的句子填入46处
    2. 选择合适的句子填入47处
    3. 选择合适的句子填入48处
    4. 选择合适的句子填入49处
    5. 选择合适的句子填入50处

    六、第6部分:完形填空

    22. Spoilt for Choice
    Some research which was recently carried out in Britain has confirmed what many ordinary shoppers have suspected for quite a long time. Having a ______ (51) selection of goods to choose from is not necessarily a ______ (52) to consumers. The average supermarket in Britain has around 40,000 different products on sale at any one time and if you’re ______ (53) of buying a car, then there are actually around 1,600 different ______ (54) on the market.
    In one sense, choice is a good thing because it ______ (55) us to buy those products which best suit our needs. But choice can also ______ (56) something of a problem. With over 400 brands of shampoo on the market, how does the consumer ______ (57) hold of the information necessary to choose between them?
    For some people the solution is to buy only well-known brands, whilst others are happy to be ______ (58) by advertising. There is evidence, ______ (59), that for some people the ______ (60) of choice available to them in Britain’s consumer society is actually a ______ (61) of anxiety and stress. One man interviewed by the researchers admitted that he had ______ (62) out to buy his girlfriend a mobile phone for her birthday, but was so ______ (63) by the number of different types on offer in the shop that he ______ (64) up and decided to buy her a bundle of flowers ______ (65)
    1. 选择合适的单词填入51处
    2. 选择合适的单词填入52处
    3. 选择合适的单词填入53处
    4. 选择合适的单词填入54处
    5. 选择合适的单词填入55处
    6. 选择合适的单词填入56处
    7. 选择合适的单词填入57处
    8. 选择合适的单词填入58处
    9. 选择合适的单词填入59处
    10. 选择合适的单词填入60处
    11. 选择合适的单词填入61处
    12. 选择合适的单词填入62处
    13. 选择合适的单词填入63处
    14. 选择合适的单词填入64处
    15. 选择合适的单词填入65处

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