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    一、第1部分:词汇选项

    二、第2部分:阅读判断

    三、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    四、第4部分:阅读理解

    五、第5部分:补全短文

    六、第6部分:完形填空

    一、第1部分:词汇选项

    1. Railways are the most important 【mode】 of transport for the economy.
    2. The law carries a 【penalty】 of up to three years in prison.
    3. He said some 【harsh】 words about his brother.
    4. I am going as a 【favor】 to Ann because I have to.
    5. We need to identify the 【potential】 problems.
    6. When did you first 【encounter】 these difficulties?
    7. Don’t 【tempt】 thieves by leaving valuables clearly visible.
    8. There is a need for 【radical】 changes in education.
    9. Under the 【terms】 of the contract, you must give 3 months’ notice before you leave.
    10. I realized to my 【horror】 that I had forgotten the present.
    11. It 【frustrates】 me that I'm not able to put any of my ideas into practice.
    12. The weather last summer was 【awful】.
    13. The doctors did not 【reveal】 the truth to him.
    14. My piano playing has improved 【significantly】 since I had a new teacher.
    15. He tried to 【assemble】 his thoughts.

    二、第2部分:阅读判断

    16. Living History at Jamestown SettlementA woman In Native American clothes is sitting in the sun, sewing a dress from skin. Inside a building, a colonist is making a wooden chair, using very simple tools. And all around, tourists are taking pictures with their digital (数码的) cameras. This is Jamestown Settlement today.
    Jamestown, Virginia, was one of the first places in the world where people from Europe, America, and Africa came together in 1608. Today, it is a living history museum, where children and adults come to experience history. In a living history museum, actors wear clothes from the past and demonstrate many of the activities of daily life back then. The actors also talk to the visitors and explain everything they do.
    At a living history museum, there are always many things to touch, hear, and smell. Visitors at Jamestown Settlement can walk through copies of the three small sailing ships that carried colonists to Virginia and even lie down in a colonist's bed! The colonists stayed on the crowded dangerous ships for more than four months. When they got to Virginia, they built an area of houses with a high wall around it. In today's fort (堡垒), you can see houses, a church, and even a garden with foods that the colonists ate. Women in long dresses work inside their homes, and visitors can help them with their sewing and cooking.
    There is also an Indian Village at Jamestown Settlement, and it looks very different from the fort. It shows how the Indians lived in long houses and grew corn and other crops in large fields. Actors there make pottery (陶器) and teach visitors how to play Indian games. You can even help them make an Indian boat from a tree!
    Today, the living history museum of Jamestown is very popular, especially with children and families. People come here to have fun, but also to learn. Many school classes visit to experience old ways of getting things done. A living history museum is the best way to understand how people lived in the past.
    1. Tourists like to take pictures in Jamestown settlement today.
    2. In Jamestown, people from three different cultures came together in 1608.
    3. At a living history museum, visitors cannot touch any of the things on display.
    4. The first colonists to Jamestown were from England.
    5. The actors working at the museum explain what they do to the visitors.
    6. In Jamestown, visitors can walk through the real ships the colonists used.
    7. Children and families enjoy playing Indian games.

    三、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    17. Interview with Allan Gray
    1 I was working for a multinational company in the early 1980s, and my brother asked me if I was interested in going into partnership with him to set up a language school. I’d always wanted to work for myself, and I was a bit fed up with working for someone else, so I said yes. Primarily, I wanted the freedom to make my own decisions, I wanted room to be creative, and also I wanted to be able to get the credit and keep the profits if things went wrong. These things are not possible if you work as an employee in a large organization.
    2 I had to borrow money to help start the business, but we were lucky because we also had some outside capital to put into the business. These days it can be really hard to persuade banks to lend money to people who want to start a company, so we were fortunate. It was fairly easy to set up the business, because we had a very clear idea of what we wanted to do. The problem was, all our preconceptions (预想) about what it would be like to run a business were wrong. We made lots of mistakes, and we almost went bankrupt (破产的) at the beginning. At one point, we only had two students in the school.
    3 Far too long! We lost money for the first four years and, as I was saying, we nearly went out of business. It took quite a long time to start making profit. The best thing we did, though, was that we hired some really good people to work for us. In fact, some of those people are still working for us, 24 years later. Now we’re doing well, but it was very risky at first.
    4 One is financial constraint (约束). It can be very tough. I think all small businesses have cashflow problems — it often takes a long time to get paid by your customers. The second big problem is marketing. It takes a lot of funds to market your business, and you have to get your name known and build a reputation. But the biggest challenge is managing the people. All businesses are about people, and you have to learn how to deal with all kinds of people — and I think we’ve been extremely good at getting the best of our staff.
    1. Paragraph 1 _______
    2. Paragraph 2 _______
    3. Paragraph 3 _______
    4. Paragraph 4 _______
    5. If you made a bad decision as a boss, you had ______
    6. The difficult thing to start a business is to persuade banks ______
    7. If you hire the right people, you’ll probably be able ______
    8. Besides financial and marketing challenges, you must know how ______

    四、第4部分:阅读理解

    18. 第一篇 Why Buy Shade-Grown Coffee?
    When people argue about whether coffee is good for health, they're usually thinking of health of the coffee drinker. Is it good for your heart? Does it increase blood pressure? Does it help you concentrate? However, coffee affects the health of the human population in other ways, too.
    Traditionally, coffee bushes were planted under the canopy (树冠) of taller indigenous (土生土长的) trees. However, more and more farmers in Latin America are deforesting the land to grow full-sun coffee. At first, this increases production because more coffee bushes can be planted if there aren’t any trees. With increased production come increased profits.
    Unfortunately, deforesting for coffee production immediately decreases local wildlife habitat. Native birds nest and hide from predators (捕食者) in the tall trees and migrating birds rest there.
    Furthermore, in the long term, the full-sun method also damages the ecosystem because more chemical fertilizers and pesticides are needed to grow the coffee. The fertilizers and pesticides kill insects that eat the coffee plants, but then the birds eat the poisoned insects and also die. The chemicals kill or sicken other animals as well, and can even enter the water that people will eventually drink.
    Fortunately, farmers in Central and South America are beginning to grow more coffee bushes in the shade. We can support these farmers by buying coffee with such labels as “shade grown” and “bird friendly.” Sure, these varieties might cost a little more. But we’re paying for the health of the birds the land, ourselves, and the planet I think it's worth it.
    1. What is the main idea of this passage?
    2. What does increased production of full- sun coffee bring about?
    3. How do farmers find more land for growing full-sun coffee?
    4. The full-sun method may affect this following EXCEPT _______
    19. 第二篇 Across the Deserts
    The Sahara Desert is the largest desert in the world. It stretches across Africa from Senegal to Egypt. The Sahara Desert is an unfriendly environment. During the day it's very hot, and at night it’s sometimes very cold. It is also difficult to find water in the Sahara.
    In 2006, Kevin Lin, Ray Zahab, and Charlie Engle decided to do something very difficult. They made the decision to run across the Sahara Desert 4,300 miles (6,920km). It seemed impossible to do, but they wanted to try. The three men liked to test themselves, and this would be a very big test.
    On the morning of November 2, Kevin, Ray, and Charlie started their trip across the Sahara. Every morning they began running at 5:00. At11 a.m. they stopped and rested until 5 p.m. Then they ran again until 9:30 in the evening. Each day they ran about 40 miles (64 km). Every day it was the same thing. They got up and ran. They listened to music on their iPods, and they ran and ran.
    Kevin, Ray, and Charlie needed to eat a lot of food during their trip. Most people need about 2,000 calories of food each day. Kevin, Ray, and Charlie needed between 6,000 and 9,000 calories every day. That's a lot of food! They also needed to drink a lot of water.
    The three men had some problems on their trip, and many times they wanted to quit and go home. It was often very hot (140°F/60°C) during the day, and the heat made them sick. Their legs and feet hurt. Sometimes it was very windy, and they couldn't see. One time they got lost. But they didn't quit. After 111 days, Kevin, Ray; and Charlie successfully finished their trip across the Sahara Desert. They hugged each other and put their hands in the water of the Red Sea. Then they ran to a hotel to take a long shower.
    1. The Sahara is not fit for the people to live in because of its
    2. What does “a very big test” in Paragraph 2 mean?
    3. Kevin, Ray and Charlie
    4. The three men realized that their trip was finished when whey
    5. What’s the reason for the success of their trip?
    20. 第三篇 The Value of Tears
    Tears can ruin make-up, bring conversation to a stop, and give you a runny nose. They can leave you embarrassed and without energy. However, crying is a fact of life and tears are very useful. Even when you're not crying, your eyes produce tears. These create a film over the eye's surface. This film contains a substance that protects your eyes against infection.
    Tears relieve stress, but we tend to fight them for all sorts of reasons. "People worry about showing their emotions. They’re afraid that once they lose control, they’ll never get it back,” explains psychologist Dorothy Rowe. As children we were sometimes punished for shedding tears or expressing anger. As adults we still fear the consequences of showing emotions.
    Almost any emotion — good or bad, happy or sad — can cause tears. Crying is a way that we release built-up emotions. Tears help you when you feel you are ready to explode because of very strong feelings. It may explain why people who are afraid to cry often suffer more heart attacks than people cry more freely.
    When some people become very stressed, however, they can’t cry. They may be feeling shock, anger, fear, or grief, but they repress (抑制) the emotion. “Everyone has the need to cry,” says psychotherapist (精神治疗师) Vera Diamond. Sometimes in therapy sessions, patients participate in crying exercise. They practice crying so that they can get used to expressing emotion. Diamond says it’s best to cry in safe, private places, like under the bedcovers or in the car. That’s because many people get uncomfortable when others cry in front of them. In fact, they may be repressing their own need to cry.
    In certain situations, such as at work, tears are not appropriate. It’s good to hold back tears during a tense business discussion. “But once you are safely behind closed doors, don't just cry,” Diamond says, she suggests that you act out the whole situation again and be as noisy and angry as you like. It will help you feel better. “And,” she adds, “once your tears have released the stress, you can begin to think of logical way to deal with the problem.”
    Tears are a sign of our ability to feel. You should never be afraid to cry.
    1. The word “film” in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to
    2. Crying is useful in that it
    .
    3. According to Vera Diamond, crying should be
    4. What are you expected to do in a tense business discussion?
    5. What is the main idea of this passage?

    五、第5部分:补全短文

    21. Explore Jordan
    Wadi Rum is the name given to a valet cut into the sandstone and hard rock in northwest Jordan. ______ (46) The name Rum most likely comes from an Aramaic word meaning “high” or “elevated”. The area around Wadi Rum is now also one of Jordan’s most important tourist destination, and attracts an increasing number of foreign tourists, particularly trekkers (越野者), but also for camel safaris (旅行) or simply day-trippers from Aqaba or Petra. In contrast, there are almost no local or Arab tourists, through nearby disi attracts young people from Amman at the weekends.
    Popular activities in the desert environmental includes camping under the stars, riding Arab horse, and rock-climbing amongst the massive rock formations. Jebal Rum (jebal means “mountain”) is 1574 meters above sea level. ______ (47)
    But Jordan is not simply a desert environment-it also contains the area which is the lowest point to the face of the Earth----the incredible Dead Sea, popular with tourists for swimming. ______ (48) Once the waters reach the Dead Sea they are landlocked and have nowhere to go, so they evaporate, leaving behind a dense, rich cocktail (混合的) of salts and minerals that supply industry, agriculture and medicine with some of its finest products. Once again, tourists benefit and can participate in water spa treatments and water therapies.
    The Dead Sea is located in the Syro-African Rift, a 4000-mile fault line in the Earth’s crust. The lowest point of dry land on Earth is the shoreline of the Dead Sea at 1,300 feet below sea level. Because the lake is at the lowest point, this means that water does not drain from it. ______ (49) Figures for the Dead Sea’ s salinity (盐度) today range from 25% to 35%.
    But the greatest tourist attraction is the incredible city of Petra. ______ (50) It is a vast unique city, carved into the sheer rock face by the Nabataeans, an industrious Arab people who settled here more than 2,000 years ago, turning it into an important junction for the silk, spice and other trade routes that linked China India and southern Arabia with Egypt, Syria, Greece and Rome. Today, visitors can marvel at the architecture and explore life as it was thousands of years ago.
    1. 请选择合适的句子填入46处
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    六、第6部分:完形填空

    22. Spoilt for Choice
    Some research which was recently carried out in Britain has confirmed what many ordinary shoppers have suspected for quite a long time. Having a ________ (51) selection of goods to choose from is not necessarily a ________ (52) to consumers. The average supermarket in Britain has around 40,000 different products on sale at any one time and if you’re ________ (53) of buying a car, then there are actually around 1,600 different ________ (54) on the market.
    In one sense, choice is a good thing because it ________ (55) us to buy those products which best suit our needs. But choice can also ________ (56) something of a problem. With over 400 brands of shampoo on the market, how does the consumer ________ (57) hold of the information necessary to choose between them?
    For some people the solution is to buy only well-known brands, whilst others are happy to be ________ (58) by advertising. There is evidence, ________ (59), that for some people the ________ (60) of choice available to them in Britain’s consumer society is actually a ________ (61) of anxiety and stress. One man interviewed by the researchers admitted that he had ________ (62) out to buy his girlfriend a mobile phone for her birthday, but was so ________ (63) by the number of different types on offer in the shop that he ________ (64) up and decided to buy her a bundle (束) of flowers ________ (65)!
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