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    一、第1部分:词汇选项

    二、第2部分:阅读判断

    三、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    四、第4部分:阅读理解

    五、阅读理解

    六、第5部分:补全短文

    七、第6部分:完形填空

    八、

    一、第1部分:词汇选项

    1. There was an 【inclination】 to treatgeography as a less important subject.
    2. New secretaries came and went with 【monotonous】 regularity.
    3. The committee was asked to 【render】 areport on the housing situation.
    4. The group does not 【advocate】 the use ofviolence.
    5.  The original experiment cannot be exactly 【duplicate】.
    6. The department 【deferred】 the decision forsix months.
    7. The symptoms of the disease 【manifested】 themselves ten days later.
    8. The uniform makes the guards look 【absurd】.
    9.  Some ofthe larger birds can remain 【stationary】 in the air for several minutes.
    10. The country was torn apart by 【strife】.
    11. She felt that she had done her good 【deed】 for the day.
    12. A person’s wealth is often in 【inverse】 proportion to their happiness.
    13. His professional career 【spanned】 16 days.
    14. His stomach felt 【hollow】 with fear.
    15. This was disaster on a 【cosmic】 scale.

    二、第2部分:阅读判断

    16.                                               ‘Feed Me Better’
        When British TV Chef Jamie Oliver launched his 'Feed Me Better' campaign in 2004 in schools in the Greenwich area of London with the aim of improving the diet of British schoolchildren, some people were skeptical about the impact it would have. Oliver’s highly-publicized television campaign to improve school lunches led to dramatic changes in the meals offered to pupils in the Greenwich schools. In order to achieve his aim Oliver needed to show schools how to swap (交换) cheap processed meals, which were high in saturated fat (饱和脂肪)salt, and sugar, for healthier options.
        Now, research at the Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) has shown that Oliver's experiment did not only help pupils eat more healthily, it also resulted in them performing better at school in English and Science and in helping schools reduce their rates of absenteeism (缺勤). The ISER study, carried out by Michele Belot and Jonathan James, showed 'substantial' positive effects, with the performance of 11-year-old pupils eating Oliver's meals improving by up to 8% in Science and by as much as 6% in English. In addition, the number of children having authorized absences for sickness since 2004 showed a 14% decrease.
        The ISER study analysed the academic test results of more than 13,000 children in Greenwich between 2002 and 2007 to evaluate the impact of Oliver's healthier meals on school performance. Pupils who sat exams in 2006-2007 had been on the new diet for at least 12 months, and the researchers found that the number of pupils reaching higher levels of achievement had clearly risen. The study also compared the results of the schools in Greenwich with those of pupils of the same age in seven other London areas who did not eat the meals created by Oliver. The researchers were surprised by the speed of improvements in the Greenwich pupils. They could find no other explanation for the results except for the healthier and more nutritious meals created by Oliver.
        Commenting on ISER's findings, Oliver said he felt the research proved that he was right in his decision to remove fatty processed food and replace it with nutrient-rich(营养的)foods such as coconut (椰子), fish, and broccoli(花椰菜). He commented that ‘we could see that it made them calmer and therefore able to learn’。
    1. The‘Feed Me Better’ campaign targeted a healthier diet at schoolchildren.
    2. Everyone believed the campaign school be successful.
    3. The ISER is an institute that does research on pupils’ performance in sport.
    4. The pupils in Greenwich said they liked the healthier meals.
    5. The number of pupils who asked for sick leave decreased.
    6. The ISER did not a comparative study on the impact of the new diet.
    7. The healthier diet helped schoolchildren improve academically.

    三、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    17.                                        Aromatherapy (芳香疗法)
       Aromatherapy is a form of alternative medicine which is based on the use of very concentrated essential oils from the flowers, leaves, bark, branches or roots of plants which are considered to have healing properties. In aromatherapy these powerful oils are mixed with other oils, such as almond (杏仁) oil, or they are diluted (稀释) with water. These solutions (溶液剂) can be rubbed on the skin, sprayed in the air, or applied as a compress (敷药).
       Many people have aromatherapy massages (按摩),and depending on the treatment a person is having, the aromatherapist will massage the oil into the hands or shoulders. The massage is smooth and flowing, as it is designed to create a sense of relaxation and calm. The sessions are tailored to the individual's health and mood at the time, so every session is unique.
       Practioners of aromatherapy believe that the aroma of the essential oils directly stimulates the brain or that the oils are absorbed through the skin into the blood stream, where they can affect the whole body and promote healing. Other claims in support of aromatherapy are that it aids digestion, improves the function of respiratory system, reduces muscular aches and pains, and promotes muscle relaxation and tone. It has also been argued that aromatherapy can improve circulation, lower blood pressure, and help combat insomnia (失眠)and other stress-related disorders such as tension headaches, anxiety, and mild depression.
      However, while aromatherapy may have real effects that promote a sense of well-being, some traditional medicine practitioners remain doubtful about its powers. While research has confirmed that aromatherapy does have some positive short-term effects on most people, it also suggests that aromatherapy is not an actual science or medicine that should be used to treat illness. Furthermore, not all aromatherapy is considered beneficial to health. There are precautions which should be taken before having aromatherapy because some oils can have negative effects on people with certain medical conditions. The study of aromatherapy is relatively new and unexplored. More research needs to be conducted to make scientific conclusions about its use and effects.
    1. Paragraph 1 ___________
    2. Paragraph 2 ___________
    3. ‍‍Paragraph 3 ___________‍‍
    4. Paragraph 4 ___________
    5. Aromatherapy is a mixture oil from parts of the plants to ___________.
    6. The sessions of aromatherapy massages are designed to __________.
    7. Aromatherapy is believed to _________ in various ways.
    8. The used and benefits of aromatherapy need to _________.

    四、第4部分:阅读理解

    18.     Around 45% of the UK’s carbon dioxide emissions come from the energy people use every day---at home and when they travel. In order to generate that energy, fossil fuels (coal, oil, and gas) are burnt, and these produce greenhouse gases---in particular carbon dioxide (CO2). Car emissions are a major problem, but the truth is that more CO2 come from the energy used at home. The average household creates around five and a half tonnes of CO2 a year, and it is the same CO2 that is changing the climate and damaging the environment.
        CO2 and various other gases wrap the earth in an invisible blanket helping to prevent heat from escaping. Without this greenhouse effect, the average temperature on the Earth would be around -18℃, compared with the current average of around +15℃. The composition of this blanket of gases has remained relativity constant for many thousands of years. However, since the industrial revolution began around 200 years ago, people have been burning increasing amounts of fossil fuels, thus releasing more CO2 and other greenhouse gases in the process. This has increased the heating effect of the blanket, trapping more of the sun’s energy inside the Earth’s atmosphere in turn the Earth’s temperature has increased more rapidly in a shorter period of time than it has for thousands of years.
        In 2008, the total UK CO2 emissions were 533 million tonnes. 27% (144 million tonnes) of those emissions came from the energy used to heat, light , and power homes. Transport emissions caused by passenger cars, buses and motorcycles accounted for a further 16% (87 million tonnes) of the UK’s CO2 emissions. These figures show that a significant amount of CO2 results from ordinary citizens’ carbon footprint in their daily activities and lifestyle.
        The effects of climate change can be seen all around us. Weather patterns are becoming more and more fractured and uncertain, and over the last century trends in warm weather have become increasingly common. In the UK in the last 40 years, winters have grown warmer, with much heavier rainfall. One of the clearest shifts over the last 200 years is towards summers that are hotter and drier, causing pervasive (普遍的) water shortages. Recent years have been hottest since records began, and during August 2003, the hottest ever outdoor temperature in the UK was recorded —38.5℃
    1. What is the author's main aim?
    2. What is the author’s opinion about the level of CO2 emissions in the UK?
    3. CO2 emissions from vehicles
    4. The result of climate change in the UK can be seen in
    5. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
    19.  ‍‍‍‍‍‍                                First Self-contained Heart Implanted
       A patient on the brink of death has received the world’s first self-contained artificial heart—a battery-powered device about the size of a softball that runs without the need for wires, tubes or hoses sticking out of the chest.
       Two surgeons from the University of Louisville implanted the titanium and plastic pump during a seven-hour operation at Jewish Hospital Monday. The hospital said the patient was “awake and responsive” Tuesday and resting comfortably. It refused to release personal details.
       The patient had been expected to die within a month without the operation, and doctors said they expected the artificial heart to extend the person’s life by only a month. But the device is considered a major step toward improving the patient’s quality of life.
       The new pump, called AbioCor, is also a technological leap from the mechanical hearts used in the 1980s, which were attached by wires and tubes to bulky machinery outside the body. The most famous of those, the Jarvic-7, used air as a pumping device and was attached to an apparatus about the size of a washing machine.
       “I think it’s potentially a major step forward in the artificial heart development,” said Dr. David Faxon, president of the American heart Association. However, he said the dream of an implantable, permanent artificial heart is not yet a reality: “This is obviously an experimental device whose long-term success has to be demonstrated.” Only about half of the 4,200 Americans on a waiting list for donor hearts received them last year, and most of the rest died.
       Some doctors, including Robert Higgins, chairman of cardiology at the Medical College of Virginia in Richmond, said artificial hearts are unlikely to replace donor hears.
       “A donor heart in a good transplant can last 15 to 30 years,” he said. “It’s going to be hard to replace that with a machine.”
       The AbioCor has a 2-pound pumping unit, and electronic controls that adjust the pumping speed based on the body’s needs. It is powered by a small battery pack worn outside the body that transmits current through the skin.
    1. The first two paragraphs tell that self-contained artificial heart _________.
    2. The patient received the first self-contained heart _________.
    3. In the fourth paragraph, the Jarvic-7 is _______.
    4. According to Dr. David Faxon, the self-contained heart is
    5. It can be inferred from the passage that donor heart

    五、阅读理解

    20.

    六、第5部分:补全短文

    21.                      Wrongly convinced man and his accuser tell their stories   
        NEW YORK,NY, January 5,2010. St. Martin’s Press has announced the release of the paperback edition of Picking Cotton, a remarkable true story of what novelist John Grisham calls an “account of violence, rage, redemption (救赎) ,and, ultimately forgiveness.”
        The story began in 1987, in Burlington, North Carolina, with the rape of a young while college student named Jennifer Thompson. During her ordeal(折磨), Thompson swore(发誓) to herself that she would never forget the face of her rapist(强奸犯), a man who climbed through the window of her apartment and assaulted(攻击) her brutally.【46】When the police asked her if she could identify the assailant (袭击者) from a book of mug shots(嫌疑犯照片), she picked one that she was sure was correct, and later she identified the same man in a lineup(行列). 
        Based on her convincing eye witness testimony, a 22-year-old black man named Ronald Cotton was sentenced to prison for two life terms. Cotton's lawyer appealed the decision(提出上诉), and by the time of the appeals hearing(上诉听证会), evidence had come to light suggesting that the real rapist might have been a man who looked very like Cotton, an imprisoned criminal named Bobby Poole.【47】Jennifer Thompson looked at both men face to face, and once again said that Ronald Cotton was the one who raped her.
        Eleven years later, DNA evidence completely exonerated(证明……清白)Cotton and just as unequivocally(明确地) convicted Poole, who confessed to the crime. 【48】“The man I was so sure I had never seen in my life was the man who was inches from my throat, who raped me, who hurt me, who took my spirit away, who robbed me of my soul,” she wrote. “And the man I had identified so surely on so many occasions was absolutely innocent.” 
        【49】Remarkably both were able to put this tragedy behind them, overcome the racial barrier that divided them, and write a book, which they have subtitled “Our memoir(回忆录) of injustice and redemption(拯救).” 
        Nevertheless, Thompson says, she still lives “with constant pain that my profound mistake cost him so dearly.【50】”
    1. 选择合适的句子填入文中47题
    2. 选择合适的句子填入文中48题
    3. 选择合适的句子填入文中49题
    4. 选择合适的句子填入文中50题
    5. 选择合适的句子填入文中46题

    七、第6部分:完形填空

    22.                                  More about Alzheimer's Disease
       Scientists have developed skin tests that may be used in the future to identify people with Alzheimer's disease1 and may ultimately allow physicians to predict 【51】 is at risk of getting this neurological disorder.
       The only current means of 【52】 the disease in a living patient is a long and expensive series of tests that eliminate every other cause of dementia.
       “ Since Alois Alzheimer described the 【53】 nearly a century ago,people have been trying to find a way to 【54】 diagnose it in its early stages,” said Patricia Grady,acting director of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke in Bethesda, Maryland. "This discovery, if 【55】, could prove a big step forward in our efforts to deal with and understand the disease.”
       Alzheimer's is the single greatest 【56】 of mental deterioration in older people, affecting between 2.5 million and 4 million people in the United States 【57】. The devastating disorder gradually destroys memory and the ability to function,and eventually causes death. There is currently no known 【58】 for the disease.    Researchers 【59】 that the skin cells of Alzheimer's patients have defects that interfere with their ability to regulate the flow of potassium in and out of the cells. The fact that the cell defects are present in the skin suggests that Alzheimer's 【60】 from physiological changes throughout the body,and that dementia may be the first noticeable 【61】 of these changes as the defects affect the cells in the brain, scientists said.
       The flow of potassium is especially critical in cells responsible for memory formation. The scientists also found two other defects that affect the cells' supply of calcium, another 【62】 element.
       One test developed by researches calls 【63】 growing skin cells in a laboratory culture and then testing them with an electrical detector to determine if the microscopic tunnels that 【64】 the flow of potassium are open. Open potassium channels create a unique electrical signature.
       A spokesman for the Alzheimer's Association said that if the validity of the diagnostic test can be proven it would be an important 【65】, but cautioned that other promising tests for Alzheimer's have been disappointing.
    1. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第51处
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    八、

    23. ‍‍‍‍                                   Approaches to Understanding Intelligences
        It bays to be smart, but we are not all smart in the same way.You may be a talented musician, but you might not be a good reader. Each of us is different.
        Psychologists disagree about what is intelligence and what are talents or personal abilities.Psychologists have two different views on intelligence.Some believe there is one general intelligence.Others believe there are many different intelligences.
        Some psychologists say there is one type of intelligence that can be measured with IQ tests.These psychologists support their view with research that concludes that people who do well on one kind of test for mental ability do well on other tests.They do well on tests using words, numbers or pictures. They do well on individual or group tests, and written or oral tests.Those who do poorly on one test, do the same on all tests.
        Studies of the brain show that there is a biological basis for general intelligence.The brain of intelligence people use less energy during problem solving.The brain waves of people with higher intelligence show a quicker reaction.Some researchers conclude that differences in intelligence result from differences in the speed and effectiveness of information processing by the brain.
        Howard Gardner, a psychologist at the Harvard School of Education, has four children.He believes that all children are different and shouldn’t be tested by one intelligence test.Although Gardner believes general intelligence exists, he doesn’t think it tells much about the talents of a person outside of formal schooling.He think that the human mind has different intelligences.These intelligences allow us to solve the kinds of problems we are presented with in life.Each of us has different abilities within these intelligences.Gardner believes that the purpose of school should be to encourage development of all of our intelligences.
        Gardner says that his theory is based on biology.For example ,when one part of the Brain is injured ,other parts of the brain still work.People who cannot talk because of Brain damage can still sing.So ,there is not just one intelligence to lose.Gardner has Identified 8 different kinds of intelligence, linguistic, mathematical, spatial, musical, Interpersonal, intrapersonal, body-kinesthetic(身体动觉的), and naturalistic.
    ‍‍‍
    1. What is the main idea of this passage?
    2. Which of the following statements is true concerning general intelligence?
    3. Gardner believes that ______.
    4. According to Gardner, schools should ______.
    5. Gardner thinks that his theory has a ______.

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