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    一、第1部分:词汇选项

    二、第2部分:阅读判断

    三、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    四、第4部分:阅读理解

    五、阅读理解

    六、第4部分:阅读理解

    七、第5部分:补全短文

    八、第6部分:完形填空

    九、

    一、第1部分:词汇选项

    1. The curriculum was too narrow and too 【rigid】.
    2. He led a very 【moral】 life.
    3. The group does not 【advocate】 the use of violence.
    4. They are trying to 【identify】 what is wrong with the present system.
    5. The majority of people around here are 【decent】.
    6. The committee was asked to 【render】 a report on the housing situation.
    7. It was a magic night until the 【spell】 was broken.
    8. The worst 【agonies】 of the war were now beginning.
    9. His knowledge of French is 【fair】.
    10. His professional career 【spanned】 16 years.
    11. Afterwards there was just a feeling of 【let down】.
    12. His stomach felt 【hollow】 with fear.
    13. Several windows had been 【smashed】.
    14. She felt that she had done her good 【deed】 for the day.
    15. London quickly became a 【flourishing】 port.

    二、第2部分:阅读判断

    16.                                           So Many “Earths”
        The Milky Way contains billions of Earth-sized planets that could support life that's the finding of a new study. It draws on date that came from NASA's top planet-hunting telescope.
        A mechanical failure recently put that Kepler space telescope out of service. Kepler had played a big role in creating a census of planets orbiting some 170,000 stars. Its data have been helping astronomers predict how common planets are in our galaxy. The telescope focused on hunting planets that might have conditions similar to those on Earth.
        The authors of a study published in The Proceedings of the National Academy of sciences, conclude that between 14 and 30 out of every 100 stars, with a mass and temperature similar to the Sun, may host a planet that could support life as we know it.
        Such a planet would have a diameter at least as large as Earth's, but no more than twice that big. The planet also would have to orbit in a star's habitable zone. That's where the surface temperature would allow any water to exist as a liquid.
        The new estimate of how many planets might fit these conditions comes from studying more than 42,000 stars and identifying suitable worlds orbiting them. The scientists used those numbers to extrapolate to the rest of the stars that the telescope could not see .
        The estimate is rough, the authors admit. If applied to the solar system, it would define as habitable a zone starting as close to the Sun as Venus and running to as far away as Mars. Neither planet is Earthlike (although either might have been in the distant past). Using tighter limits, the researchers estimate that between 4 and 8 out of every 100 Sunlike stars could host an Earth-sized world. These are ones that would take 200 to 400 days to complete a yearly orbit.
        Four out of every 100 sunlike stars doesn't sound like a big number. It would mean, however, that the Milky Way could host more than a billion Earth-sized planets with a change for life.
    1. The Kepler space telescope has been in service for 15 years.
    2. The main task of the Kepler space telescope is to find out planets with similar conditions to Earth's.
    3. The planet that could support life might be a little bit smaller than Earth.
    4. The Earth is planet orbiting in the Sun's habitable zone.
    5. The new finding is based on a thorough study of 170,000 stars in the Milky Way.
    6. The estimate of the number of planets that could support life is not very accurate.
    7. This is the first research finding about the planets with a chance for life.

    三、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    17.                                      Climate Change: The Long Reach
        1 Earth is warming. Sea levels are rising.There's more carbon in the air, and Arctic ice is melting faster than at anytime in recorded history. Scientists who study the environment to better gauge(评估) Earth's future climate nowargue that these changes may not reverse for a very long time.
        2 People burn fossil fuels like coal and oilfor energy. That burning releases carbon dioxide, a colorless gas. In the air,this gas traps heat at Earth’s surface. And the more carbon dioxide released,the more the planet warms. If current consumption of fossil fuels doesn’t slow,the long-term climate impacts could last thousands of years — and be moresevere than scientists had been expecting. Climatologist Richard Zeebe of theUniversity of Hawaii at Manoa offers this conclusion in a new paper.
        3 Most climate-change studies look at what'sgoing to happen in the next century or so. During that time, changes in theplanet's environment could nudge (推动) global warming evenhigher. For example: Snow and ice reflect sunlight back into space. But asthese melt, sunlight can now reach — and warm — the exposed ground. This extraheat raises the air temperature even more, causing even more snow to melt. Thistype of rapid exaggeration of impacts is called a “fast feedback.”
        4 Zeebe says it's important to look at fastfeedbacks. However, he adds, they're limited. From a climate change perspective,"This century is the most important time for the next few generations,” hetold Science News. “But the world isnot ending in 2100.” For his new study, Zeebe now focuses on “slow feedbacks”.While fast feedback events unfold over decades or centuries, slow feedbacks cantake thousands of years. Melting of continental ice sheets and the migration ofplant life — as they relocate to more comfortable areas — are two examples ofslow feedbacks.
        5 Zeebe gathered information from previously publishedstudies investigating how such processes played out over thousands of yearsduring past dramatic changes in climate. Then he came up with a forecast forthe future that accounts for both slow and fast feedback processes. Climateforecasts that use only fast feedbacks predict a 4.5 degree Celsius (8.1 degreeFahrenheit) change by the year 3000. But slow feedbacks added another 1.5 °C —for a 6°C total increase, Zeebe reports. He also found that stow feedback eventswill cause global warming to persist for thousands of years after people runout of fossil fuels to burn.
    1. Paragraph 2 ____
    2. Paragraph 3 ____
    3. Paragraph 4 ____
    4. Paragraph 5 ____
    5. Arctic ice has never been melting so fast in ____
    6. Melting of snow and ice enables sunlight to reach ____
    7. Zeebe came up with his future climate prediction by analyzing ____
    8. After fossil fuels are used up, global warming will continue for ____

    四、第4部分:阅读理解

    18. ‍‍                                         The Mir Space Station
        The Russian Mir Space Station, which came down in 2001 at last after 15 years of pioneering the concept of long-term human space flight, is remembered for its accomplishments in the human space flight history. It can be credited with many firsts in space.
        During Mir's lifetime, Russia spent about US $4.2 billion to build and maintain the station.
        The Soviet Union launched Mir, which was designed to last from three to five years, on February 20, 1986, and housed 104 astronauts over 12 years and seven months, most of whom were not Russian. In fact, it became the first international space station by playing host to 62 people from 11 countries. From 1995 through 1998, seven astronauts from the United States took turns living on Mir for up to six months each. They were among the 37 Americans who visited the station during nine stopovers by space shuttles.
        The more than 400 million the United States provided Russian for the visits not only kept Mir operating, but also gave the Americans and their partners in the international station project valuable experience in long-term flight and multinational operations.
        A debate continues over Mir’s contributions to science. During its existence, Mir was the laboratory for 23,000 experiments and carried scientific equipment, estimated to be worth $80 million, from many nations. Experiments on Mir are credited with a range of findings, from the first solid measurement of the ration of heavy helium atoms in space to how to grow wheat in space. But for those favouring human space exploration, Mir showed that people could live and work in space long enough for a trip to Mars. The longest single stay in space is the 437.7 days that Russian astronaut Valery Polyakov spent on Mir from 1994 to 1995. And Sergie Avdeyev accumulated 747.6 days in space in three trips to the space station. The longest American stay was that of Shannon Lucid, who spent 188 days aboard Mir in 1996.
        Despite the many firsts Mir accomplished, 1997 was a bad year out of 15 for Mir. In 1997, an oxygen generator caught fire. Later, the main computer system broke down, causing the station to drift several times and there were power failures.
        Most of these problems were repaired, with American help and suppliers, but Mir’s reputation as a space station was ruined.
        Mir’s setbacks are nothing, though, when we compare them with its accomplishments. Mir was a tremendous success, which will be remembered as a milestone in space exploration and the space station that showed long-term human habitation in space was possible. But it’s time to move on to the next generation. The International Space Station being built will be better, but it owes a great debt to Mir.
    1. We can learn from the passage that the Mir Space Station
    2. One of the contributions Mir makes to science is that it
    3. What happened to Mir in 1997?
    4. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that
    5. What is the author’s attitude toward Mir?

    五、阅读理解

    19.

    六、第4部分:阅读理解

    20.                             Eye-tracker Lets You Drag and Drop Files with a Glance
        Bored of using a mouse? Soonyou'll be able to change stuff on your computer screen—andthen move it directly onto your smartphone or tablet – with nothing more than aglance.
        A system called EyeDrop uses ahead-mounted eye tracker that simultaneously records your field of view so itknows where you are looking on the screen. Gazing at an object—aphoto, say – and then pressing a key, selects that object. It can then be movedfrom the screen to a tablet or smartphone just by glancing at the seconddevice, as long as the two are connected wirelessly.
        "The beauty of using gaze tosupport this is that our eyes naturally focus on content that we want toacquire," says Jayson Turner, who developed the system with colleagues atLancaster University, UK.
        Turner believes EyeDrop would beuseful to transfer an interactive map or contact information from a publicdisplay to your smartphone or for sharing photos.
        A button needs to be used toselect the object you are looking at otherwise you end up with the "Midastouch" (点石成金) effect, whereby everything youlook at gets selected by your gaze, says Turner. "Imagine if your mouseclicked on everything it pointed at," he says.
        Christian Holz, a researcher inhuman-computer interaction at Yahoo Labs in Sunnyvale, California, says thesystem is a nice take on getting round this fundamental problem of usinggaze-tracking to interact. "EyeDrop solves this in a slick way bycombining it with input on the touch devices we carry with us most of the timeanyway and using touch input as a clutching mechanism," he says. "【This】 now allows users to seamlesslyinteract across devices far and close in a very natural manner."
        While current eye-trackers arerather bulky, mainstream consumer devices are not too far away. Swedish firmTobii is developing gaze-tracking technology that can be installed in laptopsand tablets and is expected to be available to buy next year. And the GoogleGlass headset is expected to include eye-tracking in the future.
        Turner says he has also looked athow content can be cut and pasted or drag-and-dropped using a mix of gaze andtaps on a touchscreen. The system was presented at the Conference on Mobile andUbiquitous Multimedia in Sweden, Sweden, last week.
    1. The eye-tracker technology enables us to
    2. Why is a button needed?
    3. The word “this” in Paragraph 6 refers to
    4. Which of the following statements is true of eye-trackers for consumer users?
    5. What is Turner likely to study next?

    七、第5部分:补全短文

    21.                                         The Day a Language Died
        When Carlos Westez died at the age of 76, a language died, too. Carlos Westez, more commonly known as Red Thunder Cloud, was the last speaker of the Native American language Catawba. Anyone who wants to hear various songs of the Catawba can contact the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., where, back in the 1940s. Red Thunder Cloud recorded a series of songs for future generations. 【46】 They are all that is left of the Catawba language. The language that people used to speak is gone forever.
        We are all aware of the danger that modern industry can do to the world’s ecology(生态). However, few people are aware of the impact that widely spoken languages have on other languages and ways of life. English has spread all over the world. Chinese, Spanish, Russian, and Hindi have become powerful languages as well. 【47】When this happens, hundreds of languages that are spoken by only a few people die out.
        Scholars believe there are around 6,000 languages around the world, but more than half of them could die out within the next 100 years. There are many examples. Araki is a native language of the island of Vanuatu, located in the Pacific Ocean. It is spoken by only a few adults, so like Catawba, Araki will soon disappear. Many languages of Ethiopian will have the same fate because each one has only a few speakers.【48】In the Americas, 100 languages, each of which has fewer than 300 speakers, also are dying out. 
        Red Thunder Cloud was one of the first to recognize the threat of language death and to try to do something about it. He was not actually born into the Catawba tribe, and the language was not his mother tongue. 【49】The songs he sang for the Smithsonian Institution helped to make Native American music popular. Now he is gone, and the language is dead.
        What does it mean for the rest of us when a language disappears? When a plant, insect, or animal species dies, it is easy to understand what we’ve lost and to appreciate what this means for the balance of the natural world. However, language is only a product of the mind. To be the last remaining speaker of a language, like Red Thunder Cloud, must be a lonely destiny, almost as strange and terrible as being the last surviving member of a dying species. 【50】
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    八、第6部分:完形填空

    22.                                             Underground Coal Fires
    Coal burning deep underground in China, India and Indonesia is threatening the environment and human life, scientists have warned, these large-scale 【51】 blazes cause the ground temperature to heat up and kill surrounding vegetation, produce greenhouse gases and can 【52】 ignite(点燃) forest first, a panel of scientists told the annual meeting of the American Association For the Advancement of Science in Denver. The resulting 【53】 of poisonous elements like arsenic and mercury can also pollute local water sources and soils, they warned.
     “Coal fires are a global catastrophe,” said Associate Professor Glenn Stracher of East Georgia College in Swainsboro, USA, But 【54】 few people know about them.
    Coal can heat up on its own, and eventually catch fire and burn, if there is a continuous oxygen supply. The heat produced is not cause to 【55】 and, under the right combinations of sunlight and oxygen, can trigger spontaneous(自发的) catching fire and burning. This can occur underground, in coal stockpiles, abandoned mines or even as coal is transported. 【56】 fires in China consume up to 200 million tons of coal per year, delegates were told. In 【57】, the U.S. economy consumes about one billion tons of coal annually, said Stracher, 【58】 analysis of the likely impact of coal fires has been accepted for publication in the International Journal of Coal Ecology. 【59】 underway, coal fires can burn for decades, even centuries. In the process, they release large 【60】 of greenhouse gases poisonous fumes and black particles into the atmosphere.
    The members of the panel discussed the 【61】 these fires may be having on global and regional climate change, and agreed that the underground nature of the fires makes them difficult to 【62】. 
    Ultimately, the remote sensing and other techniques should allow scientists to 【63】 how much carbon dioxide these fires are emitting. One suggested 【64】 of containing the fires was presented by Gary Colaizzi, of the engineering firm Goodson, which has developed a heat-resistant grout(a thin mortar used to fill cracks and crevices), which is designed to be pumped into the coal fire to 【65】 the oxygen supply.
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    九、

    23. ‍‍‍‍                                   Approaches to Understanding Intelligences
        It bays to be smart, but we are not all smart in the same way.You may be a talented musician, but you might not be a good reader. Each of us is different.
        Psychologists disagree about what is intelligence and what are talents or personal abilities.Psychologists have two different views on intelligence.Some believe there is one general intelligence.Others believe there are many different intelligences.
        Some psychologists say there is one type of intelligence that can be measured with IQ tests.These psychologists support their view with research that concludes that people who do well on one kind of test for mental ability do well on other tests.They do well on tests using words, numbers or pictures. They do well on individual or group tests, and written or oral tests.Those who do poorly on one test, do the same on all tests.
        Studies of the brain show that there is a biological basis for general intelligence.The brain of intelligence people use less energy during problem solving.The brain waves of people with higher intelligence show a quicker reaction.Some researchers conclude that differences in intelligence result from differences in the speed and effectiveness of information processing by the brain.
        Howard Gardner, a psychologist at the Harvard School of Education, has four children.He believes that all children are different and shouldn’t be tested by one intelligence test.Although Gardner believes general intelligence exists, he doesn’t think it tells much about the talents of a person outside of formal schooling.He think that the human mind has different intelligences.These intelligences allow us to solve the kinds of problems we are presented with in life.Each of us has different abilities within these intelligences.Gardner believes that the purpose of school should be to encourage development of all of our intelligences.
        Gardner says that his theory is based on biology.For example ,when one part of the Brain is injured ,other parts of the brain still work.People who cannot talk because of Brain damage can still sing.So ,there is not just one intelligence to lose.Gardner has Identified 8 different kinds of intelligence, linguistic, mathematical, spatial, musical, Interpersonal, intrapersonal, body-kinesthetic(身体动觉的), and naturalistic.
    ‍‍‍
    1. What is the main idea of this passage?
    2. Which of the following statements is true concerning general intelligence?
    3. Gardner believes that ______.
    4. According to Gardner, schools should ______.
    5. Gardner thinks that his theory has a ______.

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