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    一、第1部分:词汇选项

    二、第2部分:阅读判断

    三、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    四、第4部分:阅读理解

    五、第4部分:阅读理解

    六、第5部分:补全短文

    七、第6部分:完形填空

    一、第1部分:词汇选项

    1. The department 【deferred】 the decision forsix months.
    2. The uniform makes the guards look 【absurd】.
    3. She felt that she had done her good 【deed】 for the day.
    4. The committee was asked to 【render】 areport on the housing situation.
    5.  The original experiment cannot be exactly 【duplicate】.
    6. The country was torn apart by 【strife】.
    7. The symptoms of the disease 【manifested】 themselves ten days later.
    8. His professional career 【spanned】 16 days.
    9. The group does not 【advocate】 the use ofviolence.
    10. This was disaster on a 【cosmic】 scale.
    11. There was an 【inclination】 to treatgeography as a less important subject.
    12.  Some ofthe larger birds can remain 【stationary】 in the air for several minutes.
    13. A person’s wealth is often in 【inverse】 proportion to their happiness.
    14. New secretaries came and went with 【monotonous】 regularity.
    15. His stomach felt 【hollow】 with fear.

    二、第2部分:阅读判断

    16.                                        Experience the World in 3D Game
        Ever wondered how your cat or dog sees the world? Now you can look through their eyes with the first 3D game that recreates the vision of different species based on scientific evidence.
        The online simulation, created by the French 3D design company Dassault Systèmes, with the guidance of veterinary ophthalmologist (眼科专家)Didier Schmidt-Morand, mimics(模仿) the vision of five animals – cats dogs, rats, hawks and bees – as a player steers them through PlaceVendôme in Paris.
        Due to differences in field of view, colour perception and night vision, for example, sight can be drastically different from species tospecies. "In terms of performance, eyes are as variable as different modelsof cars," says Schmidt-Morand.
        The game was created by using existing virtual models of the square then applying effects based on descriptions of each animal's vision. Dassault's 3D software allows a scene to be modified by adding blur or changing the colours, angle of vision and depth of field.
        Although it was easy to recreate vision inferior to that of humans – cats and dogs, for example, have trouble distinguishing shades of red – replicating features that we are unable to see was a challenge. Hawks have more detailed vision than ours, whereas dogs are better at seeing movement and havea wider field of view. "We used virtual cameras to precisely simulate larger viewing angles but the result made people nauseous(令人作呕的)," says Schmidt-Morand. "Sowe tweaked(微调) the model to give a sense of the wider view without sticking to reality."
        The rat's view also departs from reality: because they are near-sighted, everything more than 15 centimetres away is a blur, so they typically move close to walls to help them navigate. "A rat would never throw itself into the middle of an open area," says Schmidt-Morand. The simulation for this animal is supplemented with a map in the top right corner to help determine therat's position: because of their limited eyesight, most land marks are obscured.
        The game is intended as an educational resource and players can discuss their experience with others through community features on the website. If there is interest from schools and zoos, the team hopes to recreate the vision of more animals.
    1. The game developed by Dassault Systemes is the first 3D game recreating the vision of different species.
    2. Dassault’s 3D software takes different perspectives like color perception and angle of vision into account.
    3. The animals' views in the software are the same as those in reality.
    4. The team is working on recreating the vision of more animals.
    5. Dogs have larger viewing angles than humans.
    6. It takes the team the longest time to recreate the rat’s view because they’re near-sighted.
    7. Schmidt-Morand’s favorite animal is cat.

    三、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    17.                                      Climate Change: The Long Reach
        1 Earth is warming. Sea levels are rising.There's more carbon in the air, and Arctic ice is melting faster than at anytime in recorded history. Scientists who study the environment to better gauge(评估) Earth's future climate nowargue that these changes may not reverse for a very long time.
        2 People burn fossil fuels like coal and oilfor energy. That burning releases carbon dioxide, a colorless gas. In the air,this gas traps heat at Earth’s surface. And the more carbon dioxide released,the more the planet warms. If current consumption of fossil fuels doesn’t slow,the long-term climate impacts could last thousands of years — and be moresevere than scientists had been expecting. Climatologist Richard Zeebe of theUniversity of Hawaii at Manoa offers this conclusion in a new paper.
        3 Most climate-change studies look at what'sgoing to happen in the next century or so. During that time, changes in theplanet's environment could nudge (推动) global warming evenhigher. For example: Snow and ice reflect sunlight back into space. But asthese melt, sunlight can now reach — and warm — the exposed ground. This extraheat raises the air temperature even more, causing even more snow to melt. Thistype of rapid exaggeration of impacts is called a “fast feedback.”
        4 Zeebe says it's important to look at fastfeedbacks. However, he adds, they're limited. From a climate change perspective,"This century is the most important time for the next few generations,” hetold Science News. “But the world isnot ending in 2100.” For his new study, Zeebe now focuses on “slow feedbacks”.While fast feedback events unfold over decades or centuries, slow feedbacks cantake thousands of years. Melting of continental ice sheets and the migration ofplant life — as they relocate to more comfortable areas — are two examples ofslow feedbacks.
        5 Zeebe gathered information from previously publishedstudies investigating how such processes played out over thousands of yearsduring past dramatic changes in climate. Then he came up with a forecast forthe future that accounts for both slow and fast feedback processes. Climateforecasts that use only fast feedbacks predict a 4.5 degree Celsius (8.1 degreeFahrenheit) change by the year 3000. But slow feedbacks added another 1.5 °C —for a 6°C total increase, Zeebe reports. He also found that stow feedback eventswill cause global warming to persist for thousands of years after people runout of fossil fuels to burn.
    1. Paragraph 2 ____
    2. Paragraph 3 ____
    3. Paragraph 4 ____
    4. Paragraph 5 ____
    5. Arctic ice has never been melting so fast in ____
    6. Melting of snow and ice enables sunlight to reach ____
    7. Zeebe came up with his future climate prediction by analyzing ____
    8. After fossil fuels are used up, global warming will continue for ____

    四、第4部分:阅读理解

    18.                             Eye-tracker Lets You Drag and Drop Files with a Glance
        Bored of using a mouse? Soonyou'll be able to change stuff on your computer screen—andthen move it directly onto your smartphone or tablet – with nothing more than aglance.
        A system called EyeDrop uses ahead-mounted eye tracker that simultaneously records your field of view so itknows where you are looking on the screen. Gazing at an object—aphoto, say – and then pressing a key, selects that object. It can then be movedfrom the screen to a tablet or smartphone just by glancing at the seconddevice, as long as the two are connected wirelessly.
        "The beauty of using gaze tosupport this is that our eyes naturally focus on content that we want toacquire," says Jayson Turner, who developed the system with colleagues atLancaster University, UK.
        Turner believes EyeDrop would beuseful to transfer an interactive map or contact information from a publicdisplay to your smartphone or for sharing photos.
        A button needs to be used toselect the object you are looking at otherwise you end up with the "Midastouch" (点石成金) effect, whereby everything youlook at gets selected by your gaze, says Turner. "Imagine if your mouseclicked on everything it pointed at," he says.
        Christian Holz, a researcher inhuman-computer interaction at Yahoo Labs in Sunnyvale, California, says thesystem is a nice take on getting round this fundamental problem of usinggaze-tracking to interact. "EyeDrop solves this in a slick way bycombining it with input on the touch devices we carry with us most of the timeanyway and using touch input as a clutching mechanism," he says. "【This】 now allows users to seamlesslyinteract across devices far and close in a very natural manner."
        While current eye-trackers arerather bulky, mainstream consumer devices are not too far away. Swedish firmTobii is developing gaze-tracking technology that can be installed in laptopsand tablets and is expected to be available to buy next year. And the GoogleGlass headset is expected to include eye-tracking in the future.
        Turner says he has also looked athow content can be cut and pasted or drag-and-dropped using a mix of gaze andtaps on a touchscreen. The system was presented at the Conference on Mobile andUbiquitous Multimedia in Sweden, Sweden, last week.
    1. The eye-tracker technology enables us to
    2. Why is a button needed?
    3. The word “this” in Paragraph 6 refers to
    4. Which of the following statements is true of eye-trackers for consumer users?
    5. What is Turner likely to study next?
    19.                                            The Northern Lights
        The sun is stormy and has its own kind of weather. It is so hot and active that eventhe Sun’s gravity cannot hold its atmosphere in check! Energy flows away from theSun toward the Earth in a stream of electrified particles that move at speeds arounda million miles per hour. These particles are called plasma, and the stream of plasma coming from the Sun is called the solar wind. The more active the Sun, the strongerthe solar wind.
        The solar wind constantly streams toward the Earth, but don’t worry because a protective magnetic field surrounds our planet. The same magnetic field that makes your compass point north also steers the particles from the Sun to the north and south poles.The charged particles become trapped in magnetic belts around the Earth. When alarge blast of solar wind crashes into the Earth’s magnetic field first gets squeezed and then the magnetic field lines break and reconnect.
        The breaking and reconnecting of the magnetic field lines can cause atomic particles called electrons trapped in the belts to fall into the Earth’s atmosphere at thepoles. As the electrons fall into the Earth, they collide with gas molecules in the atmosphere, creating flashes of light in the sky.
        Each atmospheric gas glows a different color. Oxygen and nitrogen glows red and green and nitrogen glows violet-purple. As these various colors glow and dance in thenight sky, they create the Northern Lights and the Southern Lights.
        Watching auroras(北极光)is fun and exciting, but normally you can only see them in places far north like Alaska and Canada. The movement of the aurora across the sky is usually slow enough to easily follow with your eyesbut they can also pulsate(跳动), flicker(闪烁),or even move like waves. During solar maximum, 5 auroras are seen as far south as Florida, even Mexico! Auroras often seem to be very close to the ground, but the lowest aurora is still about 100 kilometers above the ground, a distance much higher than clouds are formed or airplanes can fly. A typical aurora band can be thousands of kilometers long, a few hundred kilometers high, but only a few hundred meters thick.
        We hope you are able to travel to far-north places like the Arctic Circle and see the Northern Lights at least once during your life time. We know you will never forget it!
    1. The solar wind comes into being as a result of______
    2. What happens when solar wind comes to the Earth?
    3. The Northern Lights are created when______
    4. Which of the following statements is true of the Northern Lights?
    5. What is the author’s tone toward the Northern Lights?

    五、第4部分:阅读理解

    20.                           A New Strategy to Overcome Breast Cancer  
       Post-menopausal (绝经后) women who walk for an hour a day can cut their chance of breast cancer significantly, a study has suggested. The report, which followed 73,000 women for 17 years, found walking for at least seven hours a week lowered the risk of the disease. The American Cancer Society team said this was the first time reduced risk was specifically linked to walking. UK experts said it was more evidence that lifestyle influenced cancer risk.  
        A recent poll for the charity Ramblers a quarter of adults walk for no more than an hour a week, but being active is known to reduce the risk of a number of cancers. This study, published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, followed 73.615 women out of 97,785 aged 50-74 who had been recruited by the American Cancer Society between1992 and 1993, so it could monitor the incidence of cancer in the group.    
        They were asked to complete questionnaires on their health and on how much time they were active and participating in activities such as walking, swimming and aerobics(有氧运动)and how much time they spent sitting watching television or reading. They completed the same questionnaires at two-year intervals between 1997 and 2009.Of the women, 47%said walking was their only recreational activity. Those who walked for at least seven hours per week had a 14% lower risk of breast cancer compared to those who walked three or fewer hours per week.       
        Dr. Alpa Patel, a senior epidemiologist at the American Cancer Society in Atlanta, Georgia, who led the study, said:”Given that more than 60% of women report some daily walking, promoting walking as a healthy leisure-time activity could be an effective strategy for increasing physical activity amongst post-menopausal women. We were pleased to find that without any other recreational activity, just walking one hour a day was associated with a lower risk of breast cancer in these women.” "More strenuous(紧张的)and longer activities lowered the risk even more.”   
        Baroness Delyth Morgan, chief executive of Breast Cancer Campaign, said: “This study adds further evidence that our lifestyle choices can play a part in influencing the risk of breast cancer and even small changes incorporate into our normal day-to-day activity can make a difference.”    
        She added:”We know that the best weapon to overcoming breast cancer is the ability to stop it occurring in the first place. The challenge now is how we turn these findings into action and identify other sustainable lifestyle changes that will help us prevent breast cancer.”
    1. All of the following factors relating to cancer risk were mentioned in the passage EXCEPT____.
    2. It can be inferred from Dr. Alpa Patel’s study that____.
    3. Dr. Alpa Patel was_____.
    4. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
    5. The word “sustainable” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to?

    六、第5部分:补全短文

    21.                      Wrongly convinced man and his accuser tell their stories   
        NEW YORK,NY, January 5,2010. St. Martin’s Press has announced the release of the paperback edition of Picking Cotton, a remarkable true story of what novelist John Grisham calls an “account of violence, rage, redemption (救赎) ,and, ultimately forgiveness.”
        The story began in 1987, in Burlington, North Carolina, with the rape of a young while college student named Jennifer Thompson. During her ordeal(折磨), Thompson swore(发誓) to herself that she would never forget the face of her rapist(强奸犯), a man who climbed through the window of her apartment and assaulted(攻击) her brutally.【46】When the police asked her if she could identify the assailant (袭击者) from a book of mug shots(嫌疑犯照片), she picked one that she was sure was correct, and later she identified the same man in a lineup(行列). 
        Based on her convincing eye witness testimony, a 22-year-old black man named Ronald Cotton was sentenced to prison for two life terms. Cotton's lawyer appealed the decision(提出上诉), and by the time of the appeals hearing(上诉听证会), evidence had come to light suggesting that the real rapist might have been a man who looked very like Cotton, an imprisoned criminal named Bobby Poole.【47】Jennifer Thompson looked at both men face to face, and once again said that Ronald Cotton was the one who raped her.
        Eleven years later, DNA evidence completely exonerated(证明……清白)Cotton and just as unequivocally(明确地) convicted Poole, who confessed to the crime. 【48】“The man I was so sure I had never seen in my life was the man who was inches from my throat, who raped me, who hurt me, who took my spirit away, who robbed me of my soul,” she wrote. “And the man I had identified so surely on so many occasions was absolutely innocent.” 
        【49】Remarkably both were able to put this tragedy behind them, overcome the racial barrier that divided them, and write a book, which they have subtitled “Our memoir(回忆录) of injustice and redemption(拯救).” 
        Nevertheless, Thompson says, she still lives “with constant pain that my profound mistake cost him so dearly.【50】”
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    七、第6部分:完形填空

    22. 第6部分                   Musical Training Can Improve Communication Skills
        American scientists say musicaltraining seems to improve communication skills and Language retardation(延迟).Theyfound that developing musical skill involves the 【51】process in the brain as learning how to speak .The scientistsbelieve that could 【52】children with learning disabilities.
        Nina Krauss is a neurobiologistat Northwestern University in Illinois. She says Musical training 【53】putting together different kinds of information, such as hearing music, lookingat musical notes, touching an instrument and watching other musicians .The 【54】is not much different from learning how to speak .Both involve different senses.
        She further explains musicaltraining and learning to 【55】each make us think about what we are doing .She says speech and music 【56】through a structure of the nervous system called the brain stem .The brain stem【57】 our ability tohear .Until recently, experts have though the brain stem could not be developedor changed. 【58】Professor Krauss and her team found that musical training can improve aperson’s brain stem activity.
        The study involved individualswith different levels of musical 【59】.They were asked to wear an electrical device that measures 【60】activity. The individuals wore the electrode while they watched a video ofsomeone speaking and a person playing a musical instrument---the cello(大提琴).ProfessorKrause says cello have sound qualities similar 【61】some of the sounds that are important with speech .The study found that themore years of training people had, the more 【62】they were to the sound and rhythm of the music. Those who were Involved inmusical activities were the same people in whom the 【63】of sensory events was the strongest. It shows the importanceof musical training to children with learning 【64】.She says using music to improve listening skills could mean they 【65】sentences and understand facial expressions better.
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