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    一、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    二、第4部分:阅读理解

    三、第5部分:补全短文

    四、第1部分:词汇选项

    五、第2部分:阅读判断

    六、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    七、第4部分:阅读理解

    八、

    一、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    1.

    二、第4部分:阅读理解

    2.

    三、第5部分:补全短文

    3.

    四、第1部分:词汇选项

    4. His heart gave a sudden 【leap】 when he saw her.
    5. Several windows had been 【smashed】.
    6. The AIDS 【convention】 will be held in Glasgow.
    7. My 【principal】 concern is to get the job done fast.
    8. ‍‍‍‍‍‍I’m sure I’ll be able to 【amuse】 myself for a few hours.‍‍‍‍‍‍
    9. Take some 【spare】 clothes in case you get wet.
    10. The new service helped 【boost】 pre-tax profits by 10%.
    11. They are trying to 【identify】 what is wrong with the present system.
    12. He made a number of rude 【remarks】 about the food.
    13. Lack of space 【forbids】 further treatment of the topic here.
    14. The worst 【agonies】 of the war were now beginning.
    15. His knowledge of French is 【fair】.
    16. The book raised a storm of 【controversy】.
    17. Afterwards there was just a feeling of 【let-down】.
    18. Some comments are just 【inviting】 trouble.

    五、第2部分:阅读判断

    19.                                    The Most Wonderful Islands
        The Palm Islands are the largest artificial islands in the world and are under construction in Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates. They are being developed as tourist, leisure, and residential resorts, and will increase the coastline of the country by 120 kilometres.
        After four years of planning and careful consideration of the environmental issues, construction started in 2001. Dutch engineers with experience of reclaiming land from the sea were employed in the building of the first two islands. The site for all three islands is an area of the sea where the water is not very deep. Sand is taken from the seabed and sprayed into the construction site. Although the shallow water facilitates this process, the islands are still very exposed to the currents and tidal movements of the sea. Rocks are used to hold the sand in place resulting in a large crescent (月状的) structure. This acts as a breakwater and protects the islands from the sea.
        The first two islands are in the shape of date palm trees and consist of a trunk and 17 frond, or leaves coming off the trunk. The first island, named Palm Jumeirah, has three five-star hotels in the trunk, and luxury homes in the leaves. It is astonishing that when these homes went on sale in 2004, they were all sold within three days.
        The second palm, Jebel Ali, was started in 2002 and is designed to be an entertainment centre. Six marinas (小游艇船坞) are planned, with a water theme park, and homes built on stilts (桩柱) in the water.
    The Palm Deira planned to be the largest of the three islands, with a length of 14 km and a width of 8.5 km, an area larger than the city of Paris. It will consist of residential properties, marinas, shopping malls, sports facilities, and clubs. These will be open to both residents and tourists.
        More artificial islands, the World Islands, are now being constructed near the Palm Jumeirah. They consist of 300 private islands grouped into the shape of the continents of the world and will be used for estates, private homes, community islands, and resorts.
        Unquestionably, these artificial islands are one of the wonders of the modern world. They will also maintain Dubai’s status as one of the leading tourist destinations in the region.
    1. Some Dutch engineers are experienced in reclaiming land from the sea.
    2. The islands are being built in the deep water of the sea.
    3. Rocks for building the breakwater were taken from the World of Islands.
    4. All the luxury homes on Palm Jumeirah were sold.
    5. The water theme park in Jebei All will attract more tourists.
    6. The Palm Deira will be the same size as Paris.
    7. The World Islands are bigger than the Palm Jumeirah.

    六、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    20.                                  Body Language in the United States
    1   Most people shake hands and make eye contact when they meet people for the first time. Among very good friends, a woman may give another woman a little hug, and a man may kiss a woman quickly on the cheek. Males don't usually hug one another; however, this is changing. Men usually shake hands with the right hand. Sometimes they use the left hand to either cover the handshake or lightly hold the other person's arm. This shows greater warmth and friendship. Most people wave hello or good-bye by extending the arm, palm facing outward, and twisting the hand at the wrist. Another way is to raise the arm, palm outward, and move the whole arm and hand back and forth. This is important to know because in many other countries, the same movements mean “no”.
    2   When people are waiting in a public place, such as the post office, they usually form lines. Some people get angry and complain if someone pushes their way into a line or jumps ahead of other people. Moreover, many women like men to open doors for them. They also like men to give up their seats on public transportation. However, some women do not like this type of behavior. They feel that men and women should be treated in the same way.
    3   In the United States, it’s important to make direct eye contact in business and social situations. If you don’t make eye contact, people will probably think that you are bored or not interested. If there is silence in these situations, people usually try to make conversation. Periods of silence make many people uncomfortable. People in the United States usually stand about one arm’s length away from each other while talking or standing together. This space is called “the comfort zone.”
    4   In the United States, mothers sometimes show that they are angry with children by shaking an index finger at them. People may show that they like children by patting them on the top of the head.
    1. Paragraph 1 _________
    2. Paragraph 2 _________
    3. Paragraph 3 _________
    4. Paragraph 4 _________
    5. When men shake hands, they sometimes use the left hand to cover _______.
    6. Some women don’t want men to give up their seats on _______.
    7. People usually make eye contact with each other during _______.
    8. An angry mother sometimes shakes an index finger at _______.

    七、第4部分:阅读理解

    21.                                       Taking Pictures of the World
        Annie Griffiths Belt is a National Geographic photographer. She has worked for National Geographic since 1978,and has taken pictures on almost every continent in the world. In fact, Antarctica is the only continent Belt hasn't seen yet.
        Belt's photographs are well known for their beauty and high quality. They also reflect very different cultures and regions of the world. Belt has photographed the ancient city of Petra, Jordan, as well as the green landscapes of the Lake District in England. Recently,her pictures appeared in a book about undeveloped natural places in North America.
        Everywhere that Belt goes, she takes pictures of people. Belt has found ways to connect with people of all ages and nationalities even when she does not speak their language. “The greatest privilege of my job is being allowed into peopled lives,” she has said. “The camera is like a passport, and I am often overwhelmed (激动得不知所措) by how quickly people welcome me!”
        Knowing how to break the ice has helped to make Belt a successful photographer, but experts say that anyone can learn to connect with new people. When people speak the same language, greetings and small talk can make strangers feel more comfortable with each other. When people don't speak the same language, a smile is very helpful. Having something in common can also help break the ice. For example, Belt has traveled with her two children, so when she takes pictures of children or their parents,they all have that family connection in common. Even bad weather can help people to connect when they are experiencing it together.
        Belt has some advice if you are thinking about a career in photography. You can volunteer to take pictures for a local organization that can't afford to hire a professional photographer. You can also take a good, honest look at your best photographs. If you're a real photographer, your photos are good because of your personal and technical skills. Belt also recommends studying and learning from photos taken by professional photographers.
        Remember, the next time you look at a beautiful photograph, you might be looking at the work of Annie Griffiths Belt. And the next time you meet a new person, don't be afraid to break the ice. The connection you make could be very rewarding.
    1. Belt’s photographs are praised for all of the following EXCEPT
    2. The word “privilege” in Paragraph 3 means
    3. The sentence “the camera is like a passport” in Paragraph 3 implies
    4. In the fourth paragraph, the author mainly discusses how to
    5. Belt suggests that those who want to be a photographer should
    22.                                                   Alaska
        In 1959 Americans welcomed Alaska into the Union as the 49th state, symbolizing a change of attitude from that held in 1867, when the peninsula (半岛) was purchased from Russia. Then, most Americans had little interest in 1.500 000 square kilometers of icebergs and polar beam” —beyond Canada's western borders, far from the settled areas of the United States.
        In those sections of the state which lie above the Arctic Circle, Alaska still is a land of icebergs and polar bears. Ice masses lie buried in the earth. From early May until early August, the midnight sun never sets on this flat, treeless region, but the sun cannot melt the icy soil more than two-thirds of a meter down.
    Alaska is America's largest state, but only about 325,000 people live there. According to estimates, 800,000 hectares of its land area are fit for plowing but only about 640,000 hectares are being cultivated.
        Arctic Alaska has been the home of Eskimos for countless centuries. It is believed that the Eskimos moved there from Mongolia or Siberia, probably crossing Bering Strait, named for Vitus Bering, the Danish sea captain who discovered Alaska on his voyage for Russia in 1/41. The Eskimos are the state’s earliest known inhabitants. Russian fur traders established settlements but, by the time Alaska was sold to the United States, most of the traders had departed.
        In 1896 gold was discovered near the Klondike River in Canada just across the Alaskan border. Thousands of Americans rushed to the region on their way to Klondike; some never returned. Alaska was never completely cut off again, although even today transportation is a major problem. There are only two motor routes from the US mainland, and within the state, every town has its own airfield. Planes fly passengers, mail and freight to the most distant villages.
        The gold that changed life so suddenly for Alaska was soon ended, and although many stones about mining camps have become part of American literature, the gold from Alaskan earth contributed less to economic progress than the fish from Alaskan waters. The fish caught in a single year range in value from $80 million to $90 million. Fur-bearing animals are plentiful in the forests and streams, and valuable fur seals inhabit the waters. After fishing, the state's chief industry is lumber and the production of wood pulp (纸浆). In recent years, Alaska's single most important resource has become oil. The state also has large deposits of coal, copper, gold and other minerals.
    1. Alaska is an American state that
    2. Which of the following is true about Alaska?
    3. What is true about the Eskimos?
    4. What transportation device is widely used in Alaska?
    5. What is mainly responsible for the economic growth in Alaska now?

    八、

    23. ‍‍‍‍                                   Approaches to Understanding Intelligences
        It bays to be smart, but we are not all smart in the same way.You may be a talented musician, but you might not be a good reader. Each of us is different.
        Psychologists disagree about what is intelligence and what are talents or personal abilities.Psychologists have two different views on intelligence.Some believe there is one general intelligence.Others believe there are many different intelligences.
        Some psychologists say there is one type of intelligence that can be measured with IQ tests.These psychologists support their view with research that concludes that people who do well on one kind of test for mental ability do well on other tests.They do well on tests using words, numbers or pictures. They do well on individual or group tests, and written or oral tests.Those who do poorly on one test, do the same on all tests.
        Studies of the brain show that there is a biological basis for general intelligence.The brain of intelligence people use less energy during problem solving.The brain waves of people with higher intelligence show a quicker reaction.Some researchers conclude that differences in intelligence result from differences in the speed and effectiveness of information processing by the brain.
        Howard Gardner, a psychologist at the Harvard School of Education, has four children.He believes that all children are different and shouldn’t be tested by one intelligence test.Although Gardner believes general intelligence exists, he doesn’t think it tells much about the talents of a person outside of formal schooling.He think that the human mind has different intelligences.These intelligences allow us to solve the kinds of problems we are presented with in life.Each of us has different abilities within these intelligences.Gardner believes that the purpose of school should be to encourage development of all of our intelligences.
        Gardner says that his theory is based on biology.For example ,when one part of the Brain is injured ,other parts of the brain still work.People who cannot talk because of Brain damage can still sing.So ,there is not just one intelligence to lose.Gardner has Identified 8 different kinds of intelligence, linguistic, mathematical, spatial, musical, Interpersonal, intrapersonal, body-kinesthetic(身体动觉的), and naturalistic.
    ‍‍‍
    1. What is the main idea of this passage?
    2. Which of the following statements is true concerning general intelligence?
    3. Gardner believes that ______.
    4. According to Gardner, schools should ______.
    5. Gardner thinks that his theory has a ______.
    24.                                      Do You Have a Sense of Humor?
        Humor and laughter are good for us. There is increasing evidence that they can heal us physically, mentally, emotionally, and spiritually. In fact, every system of the body responds to laughter in some positive, healing way. So how can we get more laughter into our lives? 【46】 Psychologist and author, Steve Wilson, has some answers.
        Many people believe that we are born with a sense of humor. They think, “either you’ve got it, or you don’t.” Dr. Wilson points out that this is false.【47】
        The parts of the brain and central nervous system that control laughing and smiling are mature at birth. 【48】 (After all, when a baby laughs, we don’t rush over and say,“That kid has a great sense of humor!”) A sense of humor is something that you can develop over a lifetime.
        Sometimes people think that they don’t have a good sense of humor because they are not good joke tellers. Dr. Wilson reminds us that telling jokes is only one of many ways to express humor. 【49】 Then we will make others laugh, too.
        A person who has a true sense of humor is willing and able to see the funny side of everyday life. One of the best definitions of a sense of humor is “the ability to see the nonserious element in a situation.” Consider this sign from a store window.“Any faulty merchandise will be cheerfully replaced with merchandise of equal quality.” The store manager probably placed the sign in the window to impress customers with the store’s excellent service 【50】 As Dr. Wilson says,“a good sense of humor means that you don’t have to be funny, you just have to see what’s funny.”
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    25.                                What We Take from and Give to the Sea
        As long as we have been on earth, we have used the sea around us. We take from the ocean, and we give to it.
        We take fishes from the ocean—millions of kilograms of fish, every year, to 【51】 millions of people. We even 【52】 their bones for fertilizer. We take minerals from the ocean. One way to get salt is to 【53】 seawater in a shallow basin and leave it until it evaporates(蒸发). Along with salt, other minerals are left 【54】 evaporation. Much gold and silver drift dissolved in the waters of the sea, too. But the sea does not give them 【55】 by simple evaporation. 【56】 gifts from the sea are pearls, sponges(海绵) and seaweed. Pearls 【57】 jewelry. Natural sponges become cleaning aids. Seaweed becomes 【58】 of many kinds一even candy, and ice cream — as well as medicine. Believe it or not, fresh water is another 【59】 from the sea. We cannot drink ocean water. Some of its contents may 【60】 illness. But ocean water becomes fresh water when the salts are 【61】. In the future,we will find ourselves 【62】 more and more on fresh water from the sea.
        The sea 【63】 us food, fertilizer, minerals, water, and other gifts. What do we give the sea? Garbage. We pollute the ocean 【64】 we use it as a garbage dump. Huge as it is, the ocean cannot hold all the water that we pour into it. 【65】 garbage into the ocean is killing off sea life. Yet as the world population grows, we may need the sea and its gifts more than ever.
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