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    一、第1部分:词汇选项

    二、第2部分:阅读判断

    三、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    四、第4部分:阅读理解

    五、阅读理解

    六、第5部分:补全短文

    七、第6部分:完形填空

    八、

    一、第1部分:词汇选项

    1. Afterwards there was just a feeling of 【let down】.
    2. The committee was asked to 【render】 a report on the housing situation.
    3. The curriculum was too narrow and too 【rigid】.
    4. He led a very 【moral】 life.
    5. The majority of people around here are 【decent】.
    6. His knowledge of French is 【fair】.
    7. The group does not 【advocate】 the use of violence.
    8. The worst 【agonies】 of the war were now beginning.
    9. It was a magic night until the 【spell】 was broken.
    10. They are trying to 【identify】 what is wrong with the present system.
    11. Several windows had been 【smashed】.
    12. She felt that she had done her good 【deed】 for the day.
    13. London quickly became a 【flourishing】 port.
    14. His professional career 【spanned】 16 years.
    15. His stomach felt 【hollow】 with fear.

    二、第2部分:阅读判断

    16.                                    The Most Wonderful Islands
        The Palm Islands are the largest artificial islands in the world and are under construction in Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates. They are being developed as tourist, leisure, and residential resorts, and will increase the coastline of the country by 120 kilometres.
        After four years of planning and careful consideration of the environmental issues, construction started in 2001. Dutch engineers with experience of reclaiming land from the sea were employed in the building of the first two islands. The site for all three islands is an area of the sea where the water is not very deep. Sand is taken from the seabed and sprayed into the construction site. Although the shallow water facilitates this process, the islands are still very exposed to the currents and tidal movements of the sea. Rocks are used to hold the sand in place resulting in a large crescent (月状的) structure. This acts as a breakwater and protects the islands from the sea.
        The first two islands are in the shape of date palm trees and consist of a trunk and 17 frond, or leaves coming off the trunk. The first island, named Palm Jumeirah, has three five-star hotels in the trunk, and luxury homes in the leaves. It is astonishing that when these homes went on sale in 2004, they were all sold within three days.
        The second palm, Jebel Ali, was started in 2002 and is designed to be an entertainment centre. Six marinas (小游艇船坞) are planned, with a water theme park, and homes built on stilts (桩柱) in the water.
    The Palm Deira planned to be the largest of the three islands, with a length of 14 km and a width of 8.5 km, an area larger than the city of Paris. It will consist of residential properties, marinas, shopping malls, sports facilities, and clubs. These will be open to both residents and tourists.
        More artificial islands, the World Islands, are now being constructed near the Palm Jumeirah. They consist of 300 private islands grouped into the shape of the continents of the world and will be used for estates, private homes, community islands, and resorts.
        Unquestionably, these artificial islands are one of the wonders of the modern world. They will also maintain Dubai’s status as one of the leading tourist destinations in the region.
    1. Some Dutch engineers are experienced in reclaiming land from the sea.
    2. The islands are being built in the deep water of the sea.
    3. Rocks for building the breakwater were taken from the World of Islands.
    4. All the luxury homes on Palm Jumeirah were sold.
    5. The water theme park in Jebei All will attract more tourists.
    6. The Palm Deira will be the same size as Paris.
    7. The World Islands are bigger than the Palm Jumeirah.

    三、第3部分:概括大意与完成句子

    17.                                             The Storyteller
    1. Steven Spielberg has always had one goal: to tell as many great stories to as many people as will listen. And that’s what he has always been about. The son of a computer scientist and a pianist, Spielberg spent his early childhood in New Jersey and, later, Arizona. From the very beginning, his fertile imagination filled his young mind with images that would later inspire his filmmaking.
    2. Even decades later, Spielberg says he has clear memories of his earliest years, which are the origins of some of his biggest hits. He believes that E.T. is the result of the difficult years leading up to his parent’s 1966 divorce, “It is really about a young boy who was in search of some stability in his life.”“He was scared of just about everything,” recalls his mother, Leah Adler. “When trees brushed against the house, he would head into my bed. And that’s just the kind of scary stuff he would put in films like Poltergeist.” 
    3. Spielberg was 11 when he first got his hands on his dad’s movie camera and began shooting short flicks about flying saucers and World War ΙΙ battles. Spielberg’s talent for scary storytelling enabled him to make friends. On Boy Scout camping trips, when night fell, Spielberg became the center of attention. “Steven would start telling his ghost stories,” says Richard Y. Hoffman Jr., leader of Troop 294, “and everyone would suddenly get quiet so that they could all hear it.”
    4. Spielberg moved to California with his father and went to high school there, but his grades were so bad that he barely graduated. Both UCLA and USC film schools rejected him, so he entered California State University at Long Beach because it was close to Hollywood. Spielberg was determined to make movies, and he managed to get an unpaid, non-credit internship(实习)in Hollywood. Soon he was given a contract, and he dropped out of college. He never looked back.
    5. Now, many years later, Spielberg is still telling stories with as much passion as the kid in the tent. Ask him where he gets his ideas, Spielberg shrugs. “The process for me is mostly intuitive (凭直觉的),” he says. “There are films that I feel I need to make, for a variety of reasons, for personal reasons, for reasons that I want to have fun, that the subject matter is cool, that I think my kids will like it. And sometimes I just think that it will make a lot of money, like the sequel(续集) to Jurassic Park.”
    1. Paragraph 1______
    2. Paragraph 2_________
    3. Paragraph 3________
    4. Paragraph 4________
    5. Some of Spielberg’s most successful movies came from _______
    6. When Spielberg was a boy, he used to be scared of _________
    7. Spielberg is very good at _________
    8. Spielberg says he makes movies for ________

    四、第4部分:阅读理解

    18.                                        The Making of Success Story
        IKEA is the world's largest furniture retailer, and the man behind it is Ingvar Kamprad, one of the world's most successful entrepreneurs. Born in Sweden in 1926, Kamprad was a natural businessman. As a child, he enjoyed selling things and made small profits from selling matches, seeds, and pencils in his community. When Kamprad was 17, his father gave him some money as a reward for his good grades. Naturally he used it to start up a business一IKEA.
        IKEA's name comes from Kamprad's initials (I.K.) and the place where he grew up ('E' and 'A'). Today IKEA is known for its modern, minimalist furniture1, but it was not a furniture company in the beginning. Rather, IKEA sold all kinds of miscellaneous goods. Kamprad's wares included anything that he could sell for profits at discounted prices2, including watches, pens and stockings.
        IKEA first began to sell furniture through a mail-order catalogue in 1947. The furniture was all designed and made by manufacturers near Kamprad's home. Initial sales were very encouraging, so Kamprad expanded the product line. Furniture was such a successful aspect of the business that IKEA became solely a furniture company in 1951.
        In 1953 IKEA opened its first showroom in Almhult, Sweden. IKEA is known today for its spacious stores with furniture iti attractive settings, but in the early 1950s, people ordered from catalogues. Thus response to the first showroom was overwhelming: people loved being able to see and try the furniture before buying it. This led to increased sales and the company continued to thrive. By 1955, IKEA was designing all its own furniture.
        In 1956 Kamprad saw a man disassembling a table to make it easier to transport. Kamprad was inspired. The man had given him a great idea: flat packaging3. Flat packaging would mean lower shipping costs for IKEA and lower prices for customers. IKEA tried it and sales soared. The problem was that people had to assemble furniture themselves, but over time, even this grew into an advantage for IKEA. Nowadays, IKEA is often seen as having connotations of self-sufficiency. This image has done wonders for the company, leading to better sales and continued expansion.
        Today there are over 200 stores in 32 countries. Amazingly, Ingvar Kamprad has managed to keep IKEA a privately-held company. In 2004 he was named the world's richest man. He currently lives in Switzerland and is retired from the day-to-day operations of IKEA. IKEA itself, though, just keeps on growing.
    1. Kamprad established IKEA with
    2. The author states in Paragraph 5 that flat packaging
    3. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT TRUE?
    4. What is the author’s attitude towards IKEA’s future according to the last paragraph?
    5. The passage is developed primarily in terms of
    19.                                     The Worker’s Role in Management
        Traditionally, it has been the worker's role to worker and management's role to manage. Managers have planned and directed the firm's operation with little thought consulting the labor force. Managers have rarely felt compelled to obtain the worker's opinions or to explain their decisions to their employees. At most, companies have provided "suggestion boxes" in which workers could place ideas for improving procedures. In recent years, however, many management specialists have been arguing that workers are more than sellers of labor-they have a vital stake in the company and many be able to make significant contributions to its management. Furthermore, major company decisions profoundly affect workers and their dependents. This is particularly true of plant closings, which may put thousands on the unemployment lines. Should workers, then, play a stronger role in management?
        Workers should have a role in management. At the very least, the labor force should be informed of major policy decisions. (A common complaint among rank-and-file workers is the lack of information about company policies and actions.) Between 1980 and 1985 about five million workers were the victims of plant closings and permanent layoffs, often with no warning. At least 90 days’ notice ought to be given in such instances so that workers have time to adjust. Management should consult workers before closing a plant, because the workers might be able to suggest ways of improving productivity and reducing costs and might be willing to make concessions that will keep the plant operating.
        It should become a general practice to include workers in some managerial decision making. There ought to be representatives of the workers on the firm's board of directors or other major policymaking groups. If rank-and-file workers are given a voice in the planning and management of the work flow, they will help to make improvement, their morale will rise, and their productivity will increase. As a further incentive, they must be given a share in the company's profits. This can be done through employee stockownership plans, bonuses, or rewards for efficiency and productivity. Finally, when a plant can no longer operate at a profit, the workers should be given the opportunity to purchase the plant and run it themselves.
    1. It can be inferred from the passage 1 that managers
    2. In recent years, many management specialists have been arguing that workers
    3. The word “rank and file” paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to
    4. According to the passage, what happened between 1980 and 1985?
    5. If not given a voice in managerial decision making workers

    五、阅读理解

    20.

    六、第5部分:补全短文

    21.                                         The Day a Language Died
        When Carlos Westez died at the age of 76, a language died, too. Carlos Westez, more commonly known as Red Thunder Cloud, was the last speaker of the Native American language Catawba. Anyone who wants to hear various songs of the Catawba can contact the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., where, back in the 1940s. Red Thunder Cloud recorded a series of songs for future generations. 【46】 They are all that is left of the Catawba language. The language that people used to speak is gone forever.
        We are all aware of the danger that modern industry can do to the world’s ecology(生态). However, few people are aware of the impact that widely spoken languages have on other languages and ways of life. English has spread all over the world. Chinese, Spanish, Russian, and Hindi have become powerful languages as well. 【47】When this happens, hundreds of languages that are spoken by only a few people die out.
        Scholars believe there are around 6,000 languages around the world, but more than half of them could die out within the next 100 years. There are many examples. Araki is a native language of the island of Vanuatu, located in the Pacific Ocean. It is spoken by only a few adults, so like Catawba, Araki will soon disappear. Many languages of Ethiopian will have the same fate because each one has only a few speakers.【48】In the Americas, 100 languages, each of which has fewer than 300 speakers, also are dying out. 
        Red Thunder Cloud was one of the first to recognize the threat of language death and to try to do something about it. He was not actually born into the Catawba tribe, and the language was not his mother tongue. 【49】The songs he sang for the Smithsonian Institution helped to make Native American music popular. Now he is gone, and the language is dead.
        What does it mean for the rest of us when a language disappears? When a plant, insect, or animal species dies, it is easy to understand what we’ve lost and to appreciate what this means for the balance of the natural world. However, language is only a product of the mind. To be the last remaining speaker of a language, like Red Thunder Cloud, must be a lonely destiny, almost as strange and terrible as being the last surviving member of a dying species. 【50】
    1. 选择合适的句子填入文中第46处
    2. 选择合适的句子填入文中第47处
    3. 选择合适的句子填入文中第48处
    4. 选择合适的句子填入文中第49处
    5. 选择合适的句子填入文中第50处

    七、第6部分:完形填空

    22.                                          Public Relations
        Public relations is a broad set of planned communications about the company, including publicity releases, designed to promote goodwill and a favorable image.
        Publicity then is part of public relations when it is initiated by the firm, usually in the 【51】 of press releases or press conferences. Since public relations involves communications with stockholders, financial analysts, government officials, and other noncustomer groups, it is usually 【52】 outside the marketing department, perhaps as a staff department or outside consulting firm reporting to top management. This organizational placement can be a 【53】 because the public relations department or consultant will likely not be in tune with marketing efforts. Poor communication and no coordination may be the 【54】 . Although the basic purpose of public relations is to provide positive influence 【55】 the public image, this influence generally may be less than 【56】 provided by the other components of the public image mix.
        Publicity may be in the form of news releases that have 【57】 overtones for the company initiated by the public relations department. Publicity on the other 【58】 should not be divorced from the department marketing as it can 【59】 a useful adjunct to the regular advertising. 【60】 , not all publicity is initiated by the firm; some can 【61】 from an unfavorable press as a reaction to certain actions or lack of 【62】 that are controversial or even downright ill-advised. 
        The 【63】 we wish to emphasize is that a firm is deluding itself if it thinks its public relations function, whether within the company or an outside firm, can take 【64】 of public image problems and opportunities. Many factors impact on the public image. Many of these have to do with the way the 【65】 does business, such as its product quality, the servicing and handling of complaints, etc.
    1. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第51处
    2. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第52处
    3. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第53处
    4. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第54处
    5. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第55处
    6. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第56处
    7. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第57处
    8. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第58处
    9. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第59处
    10. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第60处
    11. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第61处
    12. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第62处
    13. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第63处
    14. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第64处
    15. 选择合适的词汇填入文中第65处

    八、

    23. ‍‍‍‍                                   Approaches to Understanding Intelligences
        It bays to be smart, but we are not all smart in the same way.You may be a talented musician, but you might not be a good reader. Each of us is different.
        Psychologists disagree about what is intelligence and what are talents or personal abilities.Psychologists have two different views on intelligence.Some believe there is one general intelligence.Others believe there are many different intelligences.
        Some psychologists say there is one type of intelligence that can be measured with IQ tests.These psychologists support their view with research that concludes that people who do well on one kind of test for mental ability do well on other tests.They do well on tests using words, numbers or pictures. They do well on individual or group tests, and written or oral tests.Those who do poorly on one test, do the same on all tests.
        Studies of the brain show that there is a biological basis for general intelligence.The brain of intelligence people use less energy during problem solving.The brain waves of people with higher intelligence show a quicker reaction.Some researchers conclude that differences in intelligence result from differences in the speed and effectiveness of information processing by the brain.
        Howard Gardner, a psychologist at the Harvard School of Education, has four children.He believes that all children are different and shouldn’t be tested by one intelligence test.Although Gardner believes general intelligence exists, he doesn’t think it tells much about the talents of a person outside of formal schooling.He think that the human mind has different intelligences.These intelligences allow us to solve the kinds of problems we are presented with in life.Each of us has different abilities within these intelligences.Gardner believes that the purpose of school should be to encourage development of all of our intelligences.
        Gardner says that his theory is based on biology.For example ,when one part of the Brain is injured ,other parts of the brain still work.People who cannot talk because of Brain damage can still sing.So ,there is not just one intelligence to lose.Gardner has Identified 8 different kinds of intelligence, linguistic, mathematical, spatial, musical, Interpersonal, intrapersonal, body-kinesthetic(身体动觉的), and naturalistic.
    ‍‍‍
    1. What is the main idea of this passage?
    2. Which of the following statements is true concerning general intelligence?
    3. Gardner believes that ______.
    4. According to Gardner, schools should ______.
    5. Gardner thinks that his theory has a ______.

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