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2016职称英语教材新增文章解析:Common Questions about Dreams之1

2016-01-0511:28:36 来源:学派网 点击:

Does everyone dream?
Yes. Research shows that we all dream. We have our most vivid dreams during a type of sleep called Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep. During REM sleep, the brain is very active. The eyes move quickly back and forth1 under the lids, and the large muscles of the body are relaxed. REM sleep occurs every 90-100 minutes, three to four times a night, and it lasts longer as the night goes on. The final REM period may last as long as 45 minutes. We dream at other times during the night, too, but those dreams are less vivid.

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【第一句】
Does everyone dream?
Yes.
参考译文:
每个人都会做梦吗?
是的。

【第二句】
Research shows that we all dream.
句子解析:该句是主谓宾结构
research(主)+shows(谓)+that....(宾语为that引导的宾语从句)
research shows that....常用句型,意思是“研究表明...”
词汇:
dream:既可作名词,也可作动词
n.(名词)梦,梦想
v.(动词)做梦;梦想,渴望dream ofsth/doing sth
He has dreamt of happiness. (他一直渴望幸福。)
She had dreamt of becoming an actress. (她曾梦想成为一名女演员。)
dream是不规则动词,过去式为 dreamed或dreamt
过去分词为 dreamed或dreamt
参考译文:研究表明我们都会做梦。

【第三句】
We have our most vivid dreams during a type of sleep called Rapid Eye Movement (REM)sleep
词汇:
vivid /'vivid/ adj. 清晰的,生动的,逼真的
Rapid Eye Movement (REM) 快速眼动
rapid /ˈræpɪd/ adj.快速的
movement / ˈmu:vmənt/ n.运动  (动词形式move)
句子解析:We have our most vivid dreams这是句子主干;during a type of sleep是状语;called Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep是对sleep的修饰,called是过去分词作后置定语。
参考译文:在一种叫作快速眼动(REM)的睡眠期里,我们会有最清晰生动的梦。

【第四句】
During REM sleep, the brain is very active.
词汇:active/ ˈæktɪv/ adj. 活跃的;积极的
参考译文:在这种睡眠期里,大脑非常活跃。

【第五句】
The eyes move quickly back and forth under the lids, and the large muscles of the bodyare relaxed.
句子解析:这是and连接的两个句子。两句主干分别为:
the eyes move quickly back and forth...
the muscles are relaxed...
词汇:
back and forth:来回地,反复地。
lid /lid/ n. 眼睑(=eyelid)
muscle / ˈmʌsl/ n. 肌肉
relax / rɪˈlæks/ v. 放松
参考译文:眼睛在眼睑下面来来回回地快速移动,而且身体的大肌肉会得到放松。

【第六句】
REM sleep occurs every 90-100 minutes, three to four times a night, and it lasts longer as the night goes on.
句子解析:and连接的两个句子。注意times在这里是“次数”的意思,last 是动词,“持续”。as the night goes on, 其中as 是表示“随着.....”。
词汇:
occur / əˈkə:/ v. 发生
time / taim / n. 次,回
参考译文:快速眼动睡眠期每隔90~100分钟会出现一次,一晚会出现3~4次,而且随着入夜渐深,每次持续的时间也会变长。

【第七句】
The final REM period may last as long as 45 minutes.
句子解析:as long as, 长达...
参考译文:最后一次快速眼动睡眠期可能会持续长达45分钟。

【第八句】
We dream at other times during the night, too, but those dreams are less vivid.
句子解析:句子,but + 句子。
less /les/adj. 是 little(小;少)的比较级
参考译文:我们在夜晚的其他时间段也会做梦,但是那些梦没有快速眼动睡眠期里的梦清晰生动。